形廖役 闲我嚷 着宋屡世

族 忸邂囹?..

摒栝 蓄爨眍

http://offline.computerra.ru/offline/2007/688/320668/
http://offline.computerra.ru/offline/2007/688/320677/
http://offline.computerra.ru/offline/2007/688/320789/
http://offline.computerra.ru/offline/2007/688/320783/

湾 耜痤, 祛 镥疴 镱稃蜿 疣珙狃囹 耋蜩 蝈礓屙鲨, 磬戾蜩怿桴 钺豚耱 "痤犷蜩玎鲨" 忸屙睇 溴轳蜮栝 - 赅 镳桧蝾 泐忸痂螯 忸屙睇 - " 蝠艴 耩邃圊", 镳桠咫 戾 忸聃棂屙桢 铟邂桎睇扈 漕耱桄屙扈 磬篦眍-蝈蹴梓羼觐泐 镳钽疱耨. 武磬觐 纛痂 猁耱痤 镳铠豚. 扬弼栲腓耱, 觐蝾瘥扈 箐嚯铖 钺耋滂螯 镱溷铗钼脲眄 爨蝈痂嚯 [枢礓桎囹 铐铎梓羼觇 磬箨, 镱腙钼龛 . . 邀麇 镱滹铍觐忭桕-桧驽礤 . . 锑牮篪囗, 觐蝾瘥 铟屙 犭嚆钿囵屙 玎 耦忮螓 觐眈箅圉梃], 恹耜噻嚯桉 蝾 耢脲, 黩 镳铊聃钿 镳铞羼覃 怙铍礤 玎觐眍戾痦: 忸轫, 赅 忤 麇腩忮麇耜铋 溴蝈朦眍耱, 疣珞戾弪, 礤 襦祛鲥朦, 耜铕邋 "蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼" 漕耱桄屙 礤觐蝾痤泐 镱腓蜩麇耜钽 桦 铐铎梓羼觐泐 疱珞朦蜞蜞. 骂轫 蝠遽箦 玎蝠囹, 觐蝾瘥 铒疱溴 "皴徨耱铊祛耱" 钽 疱珞朦蜞蜞. 棱蝾爨蜩玎鲨 驽 蝈躏痤鲥耨钼 忸钺 - 觌囫耔麇耜栝 镳桢 耥桄屙 皴徨耱铊祛耱 镳钿箨鲨. 蒡 噻狍赅.


椅资 切磐冗

冷尻忄蝽铄 镳邃耱噔脲龛 踵疣牝屦 狍潴 忸轫 钿眍 桤 钺玎蝈朦睇 篑腩忤 钺羼镥麇龛 忸屙眍 徨珙镟耥铖蜩 蓄耨梃. 硒栳觇 桦 铗耋蝰蜮桢 漕耱钼屦眍 桧纛痨圉梃 镱 铎 耠铈礤轼屐 忸镳铖 祛泱 疋羼蜩 磬 礤 疱珞朦蜞螓 耱痤栩咫蜮 骂铕箧屙睇 谚 忸屙眍泐 耱痤栩咫蜮 鲥腩 赅 犭桄嚅, 蜞 漕脬铖痤黜铋 镥瘃镥牝桠.

缅礤疣-脲轵屙囗
码噤桁桊 窝依褪温, 磬鬣朦龛 皱眚疣
忸屙眍-耱疣蝈汨麇耜桴 桉耠邃钼囗栝
缅礤疣朦眍泐 噌
骂铕箧屙睇 谚 性


署铎 蝾泐, 耋耱怏弪 镱蜩 "犷邂铋 翦牝桠眍耱", 觐蝾疣 铒疱溴弪 蝈蹴梓羼觇扈 镟疣戾蝠囔 铕箧 耦麇蜞龛 磬恹赅扈 箪屙扈 蝾泐, 牝 桁 怆噤邋. 铟屙 祉钽桴 耠篦 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜 耔耱屐 箫疣怆屙 "怆噤邋" 铕箧桢 "腩怊邋" 麇腩忮赅. 蓄犷螓 钺豚溧 犷朦 犷邈铗钼眍耱, 礤 铞桀磬朦睇 蝾黜邋 耱疱, 耧铖钺睇 恹骅爨螯 桤 蝈蹴桕 怦, 磬 黩 铐 耧铖钺磬 - 磬镳桁屦, 镳 爨礤怵桊钼囗梃 忸玟篪眍 犷 徨 钽潢 磬 镥疱沭箸牦, 镳邃咫 觐蝾痤 潆 麇腩忮赅 礤耜铍 疣 龛驽, 麇 潆 觐眈蝠箨鲨 襦祛脲蜞. 湾 泐忸 箧 蝾, 黩 磬桠 赅麇耱忮眄 镱赅玎蝈腓 犷邂铋 蝈蹴桕 漕耱桡帼蝰 矬蝈 桤磬鬣朦眍泐 镳铄牝桊钼囗 觐祜脲犟 "爨磬 - 耔耱屐 箫疣怆屙". 铎 耠篦噱, 镳桁屦, 襦祛脲 襦 镱 皴徨 祛驽 忸怦 礤 箪弪 脲蜞螯, 狍潴麒 磬耱铍 礤篑蝾轺桠 忸玟篚, 黩 龛赅觐 疱嚓鲨 镨腩蜞, 耜铍 猁 蝠屙桊钼囗睇 铐 龛 猁, 礤 踱囹栩, 黩钺 箐屦驵螯 爨眢 磬 蝠噱牝铕梃 [锗疣牝屦睇 镳桁屦 桤 桉蝾痂 耦玟囗 F-117 耢. 磬 www.airwar.ru/enc/fighter/f117.html ]. 痤犷蜞 踱囹栩. 杨狁蜮屙眍, 镱黩 怦 眍忮轼桢 桉蝠遽栩咫 蜞 篑蝠铄睇 - 耱噌桦桤桊箦 镱脲 噔蝾爨蜩赅, 脲蝼桕 腓 箨噻噱, 牦溧 脲蝈螯.

怦 驽 铖蜞弪 汶噔睇 忸镳铖: 镱麇祗 漕 耔 镱 脲蜞 脲蝼桕, 犷痤玟 镱 耩噫屙栝 蜞黻桉螓 篚钿 镱塍泐滂黜 疱殇 祛觇, 羼腓 怦 蜞 耠噔眍 "噔蝾爨蜩玎鲨彘 忸轫"? 项 祉屙棹 祛桴 觐眈箅囗蝾 祉钽桴 钺铉疱忄蝈脲, 钿桧 桤 疱桴 羿牝铕钼 玟羼 - 铐铎桕.

袜 忸铕箧屙梃 睇眵 耱铊 忮顸爨 礤溴忄 蝈蹴桕. 锐耠邃钼囹咫觇 鲥眚 Defense Aero-space 镳钹磬腓玷痤忄 耱铊祛耱 犷邂 襦祛脲蝾. 佯邃礤耱囹桉蜩麇耜栝 疱嚓蜩忭 桉蝠遽栩咫 桦 箴祛忤, 觐蝾瘥 镱牦镟 耱疣睇, 怩钿 耦耱噔 屠椅, 耱铊 $112,43 祀. 燕爨 溴忄 爨磬 - Rafale (Dassault Aviation), 觐蝾疣 耱铊 $62,1 祀. 燕爨 漕痤汔 - 桉蝠遽栩咫 F-22A Raptor (Lockheed Martin), $177,6 祀. 霹 犷脲 "矬汔桢" 鲨麴 驽臌 犷灬囵滂痤怡桕钼 - 踵疣牝屦睇 耋祆 蜞 铗 $42,6 祀. 潆 F-117 Nighthawk, $200 祀. (B-1B Lancer 觐祜囗梃 Rockwell) 漕 疱觐痄睇 $1,3 祀痄. (B-2 Spirit 翳痨 Northrop Grumman). 羊铊祛耱 磬珏祉铋 桧麴囫蝠箨蝮瘥, 镱滗屦骅忄彘 耧塍囹圉棹 钿眍泐 蜩镟 襦祛脲蜞, 镱 疣珥 铞屙赅, 觐脲犭弪 铗 $0,9 祀痄. 漕 $17 祀痄.! 铎 耠邃箦 漕徉忤螯, 黩 觐眈蝠箨蜩忭 疱耋瘃 噔栲鲨铐眍 蝈蹴桕 忮腓. 袜镳桁屦, 脲沐礓囵睇 疣玮邃麒 U-2 猁 耦玟囗 50- 泐潲, 镥疱骅 皴痂 祛溴痦桤圉栝 , 镱 溧眄 锐耠邃钼囹咫觐 耠箧猁 沿 (Congressional Research Service), 耧铖钺屙 脲蜞螯 恹镱腠螯 犷邂 玎溧麒 漕 2050 泐溧 [项囡睇 镳铞羼 恹忸溧 钽 襦祛脲蜞 桤 耧塍囹圉梃 磬黜弪 箧 睇礤屐 泐潴. 玎戾螯 珥囔屙栩 疣玮邃麒 狍潴 脲蜞桁 痤犷蜞扈 RQ-4B Global Hawk, 蜞 赅 漯筱铋 嚯屦磬蜩恹 皴泐漤 礤 耋耱怏弪]. 澡玷麇耜栝 桤眍 犷灬囵滂痤怡桕钼 沿 铈桎噱蝰 礤 疣礤 2048 泐溧, 桁妣泐 镟痍 桉蝠遽栩咫彘 - 腓 2035 泐潴. 理嚯钽梓眍 钺耱铊 溴腩 磬 悟鬻羼蜮: 镱 耠钼囔 汶噔觐爨 侣 蓄耨梃, 沐礤疣豚 囵扈 码噤桁桊 惕踵殡钼, "  泐潲 耱噔赅 狍溴 溴豚螯 磬 祛溴痦桤圉棹 襦祛脲蝾, 耦耱 磬 忸铕箧屙梃, - 洋-24, 殷-160, 殷-95萄 殷-223, 龛 犷朦 玎镟 镳铟眍耱 祛溴痦桤圉桀眄 疱珏疴. 蒡 襦祛脲螓 狍潴 耠箧栩 礤 溻噤鲟螯 脲 溧驽 礤 螯溴, 礤耜铍 犷朦 耩铌".

骂 觌邂铋 祛戾眚 - "祛溴痦桤圉桀眄 疱珏疴". 褥屙眍 铐 钺耥弪 祉铈羼蜮 镳铞羼耦, 疋玎眄 "礤忭邃疱龛屐" 镥疱漕恹 痤犷蝾蝈蹴梓羼觇 蝈蹴铍钽栝 忸屙眢 镳嚓蜩牦 [蜀蜞蜩, 疣聃钿 襄眚嚆铐 磬 磬篦眍-桉耠邃钼囹咫觇 疣犷螓 磬黜篁 耥桄囹. 项 溧眄 漓屦桕囗耜铋 礼耦鲨圉梃 疣玮栩 磬箨 (American Association for the Advance-ment of Science),  恹玮囗 镥疴簋 铟屦邃 痤耱铎 玎蝠囹 磬 疱祛眚 玎戾眢 镱怵彐溴眄铋 恹疣犷蜞怿彘 疱耋瘃 犷邂铋 蝈蹴桕. 2011 泐潴 玎蝠囹 箪屙囹 漕 $71,2 祀痄. 篦弪铎 桧綦鲨 耦牮帙屙桢 镱 耩噔礤龛 2006 泐漕 耦耱噔栩 11,6%. 橡梓屐 疣聃钿 磬 趔礓囔屙蜞朦眢 磬箨 襄眚嚆铐 磬黜弪 箴彗囹 箧 狍潴泐 泐溧]. 蜀蜞蜩, 铖眍忭 鲥朦 爨耨钼铋 祛溴痦桤圉梃 犷邂铋 蝈蹴桕, 嚓蜩忭 忮潴轳 忸 祉钽桴 耱疣磬 扈疣, - 篑钼屦眈蜮钼囹 箫疣怆簋 尻蝠铐桕, 镳桷咫 觐祜脲犟, 爨犟桁嚯 噔蝾爨蜩玷痤忄螯 镳铞羼覃 犷邂钽 镳桁屙屙 玎螓 铗 铕箧 镳铗桠龛赅.

理嚯桤 耧塍囹圉桀眄 踵疣牝屦桉蜩 忸珈铈眍耱彘 犷邂钽 镳桁屙屙 耋耱怏桴 忤漕 忸屙眍 蝈蹴桕 (礤 蝾朦觐 "脲蜞彘", 眍 "彗" "镫噔帼") 镱玮铍弪 镳邃镱腩骅螯, 黩 忮顸爨 忮痤蝽 聆屙囵桢 耱囗弪, 羼腓 祛骓 蜞 恹疣玷螯, 镱囡磬 痤犷蜩玎鲨 躅溴 镫囗钼 祛溴痦桤圉栝. 项铎 礤 耱铊 铈桎囹 镱怆屙 犭桄嚅 泐潲 疱忸膻鲨铐睇, 镱腠铖螯 痤犷蜩玷痤忄眄 觐祜脲犟钼 忸铕箧屙 蝈 钺豚耱, 沅 篑镥 耧塍囹桊箦蝰 "钺磬" 犷邂 蝈蹴桕, 眍 忮痤蝽 邋 祛溴痦桤圉, 疱珞朦蜞蝈 觐蝾痤 怦  蝈蹴桕 镱耱屣屙眍 耱囗弪 "徨耧桦铗眍". 杨狁蜮屙眍, 皴轺囫 镳铊聃钿栩 磬觐镫屙桢 玎溴豚 蝈蹴梓羼觇 疱龛, 铗疣徉螓忄屐 磬 疱嚯 耦玟噔噱禧 痤犷蜞-溴祛眈蝠囹铕圊 蝈蹴铍钽栝, 觐蝾瘥 腓 鬣耱梓眍 铌噫篁 忸耱疱犷忄眄 犭桄嚅 溴蜩脲蜩, 眍 镱腠铋 戾疱 - 镳 耦玟囗梃 钺疣琏钼 蝈蹴桕, 礤 桁妣 囗嚯钽钼 耩邃 耋耱怏桴 犷邂 耩邃耱. 闰嚓, 黩 驽 禧 忤滂靺

礤徨襦

洛腓觐脲镯 镳桁屦铎 "溴祛眈蝠囹铕钼 蝈蹴铍钽栝" [项 溧忭彘 蝠噤桷梃 沿 耧屦桁屙蜞朦睇 襦祛脲蜞 徨耧桦铗睇 囡镟疣蜞 镳桉忄桠噱蝰 桧溴犟 "" 礤玎忤耔祛 铗 蝾泐, 赅赅 翳痨 怆弪 桴 疣琊噌铗麒觐. 蒡 "桤溴腓" 龛觐沅 礤 耱囗钼蝰 皴痂轫 爨磬扈, 桴 磬珥圜屙桢 - 镳钿屐铐耱痂痤忄螯 疱嚯铖螯 蝈蹴梓羼觇 疱龛 潆 镱塍麇龛 翳磬眈桊钼囗 桦 疣犷蜞 赅麇耱忮 脲蜞桴 豚犷疣蝾痂閉 钺豚耱 脲蜞桴 犷邂 痤犷蝾, 桁屙箦禧 镱耠邃龛 泐潲 漯铐囔, 耱嚯 囡镟疣螓 皴痂 -45 翳痨 Boeing 趔黻鲨铐嚯 囗嚯钽梓睇 -47 铗 Northrop Grumman, 疣琊噌铗囗睇 潆 恹镱腠屙 趔黻鲨 桉蝠遽栩咫彘, 箴祛忤觐 麴铐蝾恹 犷灬囵滂痤怡桕钼.

磬耱 怵屐 桧蝈疱 龛 镳怆弪 腓 绿 沿, 疣耨爨蝠桠 麒耠 忸珈铈睇 篦囫蝽桕钼 [霹 钿桧 赅礓桎囹 - 忸玟篪睇 痤犷 UCAS-N, 钺滂栝 桎彖 镳铄牝钼 疋屦蹒怏觐恹 囡镟疣蝾 X-45/47. 想囗桊箦蝰, 黩 UCAS-N 狍溴 襦祛耱蝈朦眍 忡脲蜞螯 襦滂螯 磬 噔栲眍聆鸧 觐黻箴襦 磬 镟塍犴 徨耧桦铗睇 箐囵睇 襦祛脲, 镳邃磬珥圜屙睇 潆 镳铕 下 觐疣犭彘, 镱溧怆屙 镱玷鲨 徨疱泐恹 疣赍蝽 觐祜脲犟钼 蜞牝梓羼觐 疣玮邃觇 [项耠 镥疱疣耧疱溴脲龛 翳磬眈桊钼囗 2006 泐潴 铖眍忭 彐邈钿磬 耋祆 ($239 祀.) 磬镳噔弪 磬 疱龛 玎溧 绿. 项赅 疣礻圊 忸珙犴钼脲眄钽 镳铄牝 J-UCAS 泐蝾蝰 溻 爨睇: X-47B 爨耨铋 18 (疣琊噌铗麒 Northrop Grumman) X-45C 爨耨铋 14 (Boeing), 觐蝾瘥 镱蝰 20072008 泐潴. 橡 铎 漕玎镳噔螯 忸玟篚 耧铖钺磬 蝾朦觐 X-45C, 忡脲蜞螯 觐痤蜿桴 镫铢噤铌 - 腓 X-47B]. 绣珞朦蜞螓 觐黻箴襦 狍潴 钺怆屙 忮耥铋 2008 泐溧. 袜漕 耜噻囹, 黩 漯铐 Boeing Northrop -  箧 怙铍礤 "忡痤耠" 镱 疣珈屦囔 爨睇, 耧铖钺睇 礤耱 钺眍 噔栲鲨铐眍 忸铕箧屙桢 桁妣 礤爨塍 溧朦眍耱 镱脲蜞. 腻祛眈蝠圉 忸珈铈眍耱彘 桴 爨 "耋躅矬蝽" 忸屙睇 麒磬 侣 耦镳钼铈溧豚顸 犷朦 扈躅 镳羼皴, 眍 觐眚疣牝钼 磬 耦玟囗桢 皴痂轫 钺疣琏钼 礤 镳桧羼豚 (黩, 钺-蝾, 祛骓 镱螯, 篦栩 铐铎梓羼牦 鲥脲耦钺疣珥铖螯). 理嚯栩桕 聍栩帼, 黩 镥疱腩扈螯 祉屙桢 忸屙睇 耢铈弪 腓 珥圜栩咫铄 箪屙屙桢 蝈牦 ( 蝾 麒耠 蝈蹴桕-耧塍囹圉桀眄) 玎蝠囹 磬 忮溴龛 犷邂 溴轳蜮栝 [项 镱漶麇蜞 钺耱忮眄铋 铕汔龛玎鲨 National Priorities Project, 镳钹磬腓玷痤忄怿彘 漕牦戾眚圉棹 暑磴疱耨 沿 惕龛耱屦耱忄 钺铕铐, 疣聃钿 沿 磬 忸轫 瑞嚓 耦耱噔腓 镳桁屦眍 $10 祀. 鬣, 耋蜿 - $244 祀.], 钺羼镥麒忄屐铄 镳桁屙屙桢 漯铐钼. 橡桉蜞朦眍 忭桁囗桢 恹琨忄弪 溧驽 忸珈铈眍耱 (桦 礤忸珈铈眍耱) 铐铎梃 磬 钺篦屙梃, 驵腩忄龛, 耱疣躅怅 耦鲨嚯铎 钺羼镥麇龛 腓黜钽 耦耱噔 脲蝽 钺耠箧桠帼 镱漯噻溴脲龛. 物螯 铐铎桕鄥

橡铕噌囹帼蝰 蜞赕 忄痂囗螓 痤犷蝾 趔黻鲨扈 耱疣蝈汨麇耜桴 犷灬囵滂痤怡桕钼 (磬镳桁屦, 驽臌 疋屦蹒怏觐忸 漯铐 - 溴祛眈蝠囹铕 蝈蹴铍钽栝 -175 Polecat 镱漯噻溴脲龛 Skunk Works 觐祜囗梃 Lockheed Martin), 耧铖钺睇 恹镱腠螯 潆栩咫铄 犷邂铄 镟蝠箅桊钼囗桢, 礤 磬 犷痱 牮囹 疣赍螓 "忸玟篚-镱忮瘐眍耱". 腻祛眈蝠囹铕 镱赅玎 皴 忸 怦彘 牮囫, 眍 玎赅琪桕钼 磬 皴痂轫 徨耧桦铗睇 "犷灬屦" 赅 礤 猁腩, 蜞 礤.

落钽铐牦 玎 囔屦桕囗鲟扈 篑蝠屐桦囫 赔痤镟. 玎镱玟囗桢 麇螓疱 泐溧 猁 囗铐耔痤忄 囔徼鲨铉睇 镳铄牝 徨耧桦铗眍泐 桉蝠遽栩咫-犷灬囵滂痤怡桕 nEUROn, 疣犷蜞螯 磬 觐蝾瘥 耦狃嚯桉 噔栲耱痤栩咫 觐祜囗梃 耱 邂痤镥轳觇 泐耋溧瘃蜮 (忸玢豚怆弪 镳铄牝 麴囗鲶珩赅 Dassault Aviation, 沭箫矬 怩钿 邃耜 SAAB, 沭鬻羼赅 HAI, 彘鲟瘃赅 RUAG, 桉镟眈赅 EADS-CASA 栩嚯眈赅 Alenia). 项腩忤眢 玎镫囗桊钼囗眍泐 狺滏弪 耦汶囫桦铖 恹溴腓螯 镳噔栩咫蜮 责囗鲨 -  400 祀. 邂痤 ($480 祀.) 黩 驽 禧 忤滂? 项躅驽, 篦 铒 玎铌遴眈觇 觐腚邈, 肉 蓄徼, 忤鲥-镳彗桎屙 镱 戾驿箜囵钿睇 疋 Dassault Aviation, 镳祛 玎怆弪: "彦泐漤 礤 龛赅觐 铒屦囹桠眍 镱蝠遽眍耱 Neuron掑. 蒡 蝾朦觐 溴祛眈蝠囹铕 蝈蹴铍钽栝. 雾 礤 狍溴 桉镱朦珙忄螯; 铐 礤 狍溴 恹矬耜囹 皴痂轫". 蓄徼 镳桤磬, 黩 耱 磬 忸铕箧屙梃 襦祛脲螓 Rafale, Eurofighter Joint Strike Fighter 铖蜞眢蝰 耱痤 漕 2030 泐溧, 腓 镱 戾疱 桴 玎戾睇 祛驽 镱蝠遽钼囹 眍忄 蝈蹴桕. 湾 疣礤. 逾 [ 忸 桤疣桦赅 囵扈 磬 疋铪 "龛" 皴轺囫 耦玟噱 襦禧 牮箫睇 扈疱 徨耧桦铗龛. 雾 狍溴 桉镱朦珙忄螯 潆 箜梓蝾驽龛 玎矬眄 徉腚桉蜩麇耜桴 疣赍. 朽珈圊 邈 牮 耦耱噔栩 33 . 里镟疣 狍溴 钺铕箐钼囗 忤溴铌囔屦囔 恹耦觐泐 疣琊屮屙 疣赍蜞扈. 项 耦钺龛 桤溧龛 Yediot Aharonot, 桉稃蜞蝈朦睇 镱脲 痤犷蜞 耦耱铊蝰 襦祛 犭桄嚅 怵屐].

武磬觐 羼腓 禧 镱耢铗痂 磬 漯筱桢 "忮耦恹 赅蝈泐痂" 脲蜞桴 痤犷蝾, 蝾 筲桎桁 耦怦屐 漯筱簋 赅痱桧. 湾犷朦 耦怦屐 扈龛囹睇 漯铐 镳桫腓顸 赅 礤朦 犟蜞蜩 -  疋桎弪咫蜮 蝾黜钽 镱镟溧龛 龛, 礤 玎蝮 龛 钿龛 桤 镳邃耱噔栩咫彘 "犷朦" 蝈蹴桕. 铐铎桕 玟羼 磬 "桴 耱铕铐" - 耩噔龛蝈朦眍 礤漕痤汨 囡镟疣螓 铌噻帼蝰 忮顸爨 翦牝桠睇扈 犷邂铎 镳桁屙屙梃.

燕禧 戾腙桢 桤 龛 - 磬镳桁屦, 疣琊噌囹噱禧 镱 镳钽疣祆 DARPA Nano Air Vehicle (NAV) - 桁妣 疣珈屦 礤 犷脲 7,5 耢, 忮 漕 10 , 钿磬觐 镳邃磬珥圜屙 潆 恹镱腠屙 忸屙睇 扈耨栝 赅 镱戾龛, 蜞 磬 铗牮铎 忸玟篚.

务钺屙眍耱 觐眈蝠箨鲨 囡镟疣蝾 踵疣牝屦 扈耨栝 礤 疣玢豚 [杨汶囫眍 铗麇蝮 "Technology Collection Trends in the U.S. Defense Industry - 2006", 镱溷铗钼脲眄铎 耠箧犷 徨珙镟耥铖蜩 涛 沿 Defense Security Service, 麒耠 镱稃蝾 恹忮溧螯 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 皴牮弪 徨耧桦铗龛觐 筲咫梓桦铖 麇螓疱 疣玎]. 入 忸 扈牮钿痤睇 WASP, 觐蝾瘥 镳 爨耨 漕 450 耧铖钺睇 礤耱 礤 蝾朦觐 镟痼 忤溴铌囔屦, 眍 蝈痨栩眢 犷邂簋 鬣耱, 镳邃磬珥圜屙眢 潆 镱疣驽龛 襦祛脲蝾 忮痱铍弪钼 镳铗桠龛赅 磬 帻痤漯铎圊. 骂屙睇 钺铉疱忄蝈腓 磬玮嚯 WASP "铕箧桢 滂耧痤镱瘀桀磬朦眍 疣琊篪栩咫 耧铖钺眍耱扈". 朽滂铙镳噔屐 蝈脲忤玷铐睇 疣玮邃麒觇 Ravens 铟屙 磬镱扈磬 噔栲祛溴腓, 玎矬耜噱禧 痼, 忮 礤 犷脲 2 赉. 酿铐 Shadows 玎戾蝽 牮箫礤 - 疣珈屦铎 祛蝾鲨觌. 泥 祉钽 桴 箧 脲蜞弪 皴泐漤

鲥睇 玟羼 耦怦屐 桧 镱潢钼: WASP 耱 $1,33 螓麒, Ravens - $25 螓, Shadows 礤 磬 怦 $1012 螓 [暑痫铕圉 Boeing, "磬蹼遽噔顸" 镱腠铕噻戾痦 -45, 镳桉蝮镨豚 桉稃蜞龛 眍忸泐, 泐疣玟 犷脲 溴忸泐 徨耧桦铗眍泐 犷邂钽 襦祛脲蜞 Dominator, 耧铖钺眍泐 磬躅滂螯 忸玟篚 48 鬣耦 徨 漕玎镳噔觇. 埋 溴轳蜮 铐 恹镱腠弪 襦祛耱蝈朦眍, 铒屦囹铕 钺疣弪 蝾朦觐 玎 疣琊屮屙桢 磬 疣赍蝽簋 囹嚓, 觐沅 钺磬痼骅忄弪 怵噫羼觇 钺牝. 橡铗铗栾 Dominator 爨耨铋 50 赉 疣珈圊铎 牮 3,7 祛驽 脲蝈螯 耦 耜铕铖螯 250 觎/鬣, 礤 蝠 镳铗桠铗囗觐恹 疣赍螓. 亦觇 痤犷螓 狍潴 溴轳蜮钼囹 玮屙扈 桤 蝠艴-麇螓疱 邃桧桷, 镳 礤钺躅滂祛耱 钺滂顸 沭箫稃 桤 24 囡镟疣蝾. 袜 Dominator 篑蜞眍怆屙 耔耱屐 镥疱溧麒 溧眄 镱 玎眄铎 赅磬塍 54 赆栩/. 镥疴 桉稃蜞龛 耦痤 爨 钿眍怵屐屙眍 囹嚓钼嚯 沭箫矬 磬珏祉铋 蝈蹴桕 蝠桧噤鲟螯 蝾黜 镱镟溧龛扈 镱疣玷腓 麇螓疱 鲥腓. 狍潴 耧弼栲腓耱 Boeing 磬溴 磬篦栩 爨睇 耦汶囫钼囹 疋铊 溴轳蜮, 黩钺 镥疴簋 铟屦邃 镱疣驵螯 襦禧 忄骓 扈龛 礤 磬镟溧螯 怃忸屐 磬 钿桧 蝾 驽 钺牝]. 入 忡螯 AutoCopter 翳痨 Neural Robotics, 忸铕箧屙睇 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜桁 镱腓鲥轳觇 漯钺钼桕铎 览-12 (Auto Assault-12 Full-Auto Shotgun) 桦 沭囗囹铎弪铎. 湾 蜞 溧忭 铗 囡镟疣 镱塍麒 螂桠铄, 眍 玮篦眍 镳铉忤 AutoCopter Gunship (犷邂铋, 驽腩 忸铕箧屙睇 忮痱铍弪) (邈 潆桧 铌铍 2 , 忮 13,5 赉, 耱铊祛耱 礤 镳邂噱 $20 螓). 悟腓黜 "桧耱痼戾眚" 潆 犷瘘猁 蝈痧铕桉蜞扈, 玎皴怿桁 祉钽铨蜞骓铎 玟囗梃! 橡 铎 镱 鲥礤 礤耦镱耱噔桁铋 鲥眍 膻犷泐, 溧驽 礤 犷邂钽 忮痱铍弪.

燕祛钺铕铐 徨 铕箧

礅囵 睇礤邈 泐溧 觐祜囗 Northrop Grumman 躅溴 镥疴钽 桉稃蜞蝈朦眍泐 镱脲蜞 镳钿屐铐耱痂痤忄豚 豚珏痦簋 镳铗桠铕嚓弪眢 耔耱屐 Guardian. 蒡 镱漕犴 彘 耔耱屐 镫囗桊箦蝰 篑蜞磬怆桠囹 磬 蝠囗耧铕蝽 镟耨噫桊耜桢 襦祛脲螓 潆 玎螓 铗 囹嚓 疣赍 "珏祀-忸玟篚", 玎矬耜噱禧 镥疱眍耥 珏龛蝽 疣赍蝽 觐祜脲犟钼 (蜞 磬琨忄屐 锨惺).

羊痤泐 泐忸, Guardian 镳邃耱噔弪 耦犷 祛滂翳赅鲨 钺铕铐栩咫钽 觐祜脲犟, 觐蝾瘥 疣琊噌囹嚯 潆 铖磬龛 襦祛脲蝾 侣. 碾桧 觐痫篑 耔耱屐 疣忭 2,36 , 痂磬 0,8 , 恹耦蜞 0,48 . 洛 - 铌铍 220 赉. 项蝠遽屐 祛铖螯 - 1,8 曷. Guardian 疣耨麒蜞磬 磬 镳铗桠钿彘耱忤 桧麴嚓疣耥 泐腩怅囔 襦祛磬忮溴龛 疣赍 下. 雾 耜囗桊箦 镳铖蝠囗耱忸 镱 豚轫屦铎 磬 怦 360 沭噤篑钼 礤戾潆屙眍 疱嚆桊箦 磬 玎矬耜 疣赍螓 锨惺. 暑祜蝈 觐祜脲犟 恹麒耠弪 蝠噱牝铕棹 疣赍螓 铖脲镫弪 邋 铒蜩牦 蝾黜 磬忮溴眄 豚珏痦 塍黝.

羊铊祛耱 耔耱屐 漕忸朦眍 恹耦赅 ($1 祀. 玎 觐祜脲牝 镫 玎蝠囹 磬 蝈蹴梓羼觐 钺耠箧桠囗桢 - $365 玎 疱轳), 蝈 礤 戾礤 犭桄嚅 1015 脲, 镱 祉屙棹 耧屦蝾, 蜞觇 觐祜脲犟 耱囗篁 镳嚓蜩麇耜 钺玎蝈朦睇 铖磬龛屐 沭噫溧眈觇 噔栲豚轫屦钼 [ 镳桁屦, 1993 泐潴, 忸 怵屐 沭箸桧-噌踵珩觐 忸轫 疣赍蜞扈 锨惺 猁腓 襻栩 溻 镟耨噫桊耜桴 襦祛脲蜞. 2003- 豚轫屦 Airbus 300, 镳桧噤脲驵 觐祜囗梃 DHL, 猁 镱疣驽 疣赍蝾 锨惺 耩噻 镱耠 恹脲蜞 桤 拎沅噤. 聍囫螯, 栾噫 耋戾 耦忮瘌栩 噔囵栝眢 镱襦潢 磬 镱怵彐溴眄铎 襦祛脲蝈].

悟 噔栲蝾痤 礤 铗耱帼 祛觇. 漓屦桕囗耜 翳痨 Anteon Technologies 狃栩囗耜 BAE System 疣礻圊 耦忪羼蝽钽 镳铄牝 疣琊噌囹帼 祛簋 汨漯钹牦耱梓羼牦 耔耱屐 钺铕铐 觐疣犭彘 铗 蝾痫邃睇 囹嚓. 项 玎禧耠 桧驽礤痤, 镱溻钿磬 鬣耱 耋漤 钺铕箐箦蝰 720 嚓篑蜩麇耜桁 镳孱狃噻钼囹咫扈 [暑眈蝠箨鲨 镳桧鲨 溴轳蜮 镳孱狃噻钼囹咫彘 溴疰囹 耱痤驵轼彘 蜞轫, 钿磬觐 囗嚯栩桕 镳邃镱豚汔, 黩 疱鼽 桎弪 钺 篑蝠铋耱忄, 桉镱朦珞桴 尻蝠梓羼觇 疣琊 镱 忸漕. 青 聍弪 羿玷痤忄龛 桁矬朦耦 桤塍鬣蝈 汔耔蝰 蜞赕 箐囵磬 忸腠, 磬镳噔脲眄 犷痱 觐疣犭, - 疋铄泐 痤溧 滂磬扈麇耜铄 "镳铖忮螂邋 镱牮桢", 疣犷蜞邋 "磬钺铕铗"] (镱 360 磬 犷痱), 赅驿 滂囔弪痤 铌铍 戾蝠. 暑沅 犷痱钼 耦磬瘥 钺磬痼驵 镳栳腓驵簋 蝾痫邃, 镳孱狃噻钼囹咫 桤塍鬣 磬怦蝠鬻 蝾痫邃 蝾黜 磬镳噔脲眄簋 嚓篑蜩麇耜簋 箐囵眢 忸腠 蜞觐 桧蝈眈桠眍耱, 黩 蝾痫邃 桦 疣琊篪囹 镳栳铕 耔耱屐 箫疣怆屙, 桦, 忸珈铈眍, 铐 忡铕忮蝰, 礤 漕躅 漕 鲥腓. 殃铕铖螯 箐囵眍 忸腠, 疣耧痤耱疣彘 铗 觐疣犭, 怙铍礤 "囵蜩腚屦栝耜" - 1,5 觎/. 杨汶囫钼 疣犷蝮 镳孱狃噻钼囹咫彘, 玮箨钼铋 桁矬朦 祛骓 纛牦耔痤忄螯 溧驽 痤觇 镳邃咫圊 戾螯 邈 磬镳噔脲龛 镱 噻桁篁, 黩 漕耱桡噱蝰 礤犷朦 皲忤泐 羿 桤塍麇龛 疣珥 镳孱狃噻钼囹咫彘 (镱漕犴 疣滂铍铌囹铕囔 羿玷痤忄眄铋 囗蝈眄铋 疱蜿铋). 暑祜囗梃-镟痱礤瘥 箧 镱耱痤桦 钿桧 耧屦桁屙蜞朦睇 镳孱狃噻钼囹咫 怦觐疱 镫囗桊簋 耦狃囹 鲥塍 耔耱屐 潆 磬蝮痦 桉稃蜞龛 祛疱 爨聒蜞徨 1:4.

吾羼镥麇龛 溴轳蜮栝 箐囵眍 噔栲鲨 镱 礤钺躅滂祛耱 怅膻鬣弪 皴 疣玮邃牦, 镱铎 礤朦 礤 箫铎眢螯 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜桢 痤犷螓-疣玮邃麒觇. 弱 耱疱扈蝈朦眍 疣玮栩桢 桁邋 怦 蝈 驽 "铐铎梓羼觇 觐痦". 络螯 躅 猁 漯铐 翳痨 Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk - 镥疴 镱赅 邃桧耱忮眄 痤犷, 镥疱皴犋栝 诣蹊 铌遴 噔泱耱 2003 泐溧 镱塍麒怿栝 腓鲥礴棹 铗 藻溴疣朦眍 棱栲鲨铐眍 噤扈龛耱疣鲨 沿 (US Federal Aviation Administration) 磬 镳噔 镱脲蝾 磬鲨铐嚯铎 忸玟篪眍 镳铖蝠囗耱忮. 袜 皴泐漤 , 镱驵塍, 襦禧 漕痤泐 脲蜞栝 痤犷. 皖 躅 铘桷栲朦眍 钺怆屙睇 玎蝠囹 磬 邈 耦玟囗桢 耦耱噔桦 $280 祀. [ 镳铠腩 泐潴 镳羼皴 镱忤腓顸 耦钺龛 蝾, 黩 钺 耋祆 玎蝠囹 磬 镳钽疣祆 玎 溴螯 脲 耦耱噔桦 $6 祀痄.], "铗矬耜磬 鲥磬" 恹痤耠 镥疴铐圜嚯 $10 祀. 漕 睇礤桴 $35 祀., 铐铎梓羼觇 翦牝 磬腓鲱: 羼腓 礤 狃囹 疣聍弪 耥桁噱禧 忸铕箧屙 U-2, 耱铊祛耱 囗嚯钽梓眍泐 镱 忸珈铈眍耱 镨腩蜩痼屐钽 疣玮邃麒赅 礤桤戾眄 铌噻噱蝰 怛痤-怊弪忮痤 恹 (耋滂蝈 襦扈: 怵屐 镱脲蜞 42 鬣襦, 溧朦眍耱 徨 漕玎镳噔觇 14 螓 祛瘃觇 扈朦 - 耠邃钼囹咫,  爨磬 觌囫襦 耱疣蝈汨麇耜钽 犷灬囵滂痤怡桕, 礤耋泐 溻 耢屙睇 栾噫 铒屦囹铕钼 疣玮邃囹咫铋 囡镟疣蝮瘥, 黩-蝾 蜩镟 EC-18 ARIA ($112 祀.), 桦 EC-130E Commando Solo ($142 祀.), 桦, 磬觐礤, 磬 矣-95萄 (镱 礤觐蝾瘥 铞屙赅, $98 祀.). 蝾 徨 漕玎镳噔铌 龛 钿桧 桤 磬玮囗睇 襦祛脲蝾 磬 蜞牦 溧朦眍耱 礤 耧铖钺屙.

想囗桊钼嚯铖, 黩 沿 2015 泐潴 磬 徉珏 疣玮邃囹咫 箐囵睇 漯铐钼 漕腈磬 猁螯 耦玟囗 镱腠铖螯 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜 耔耱屐 箫疣怆屙 忸玟篪睇扈 囹嚓囔 磬珏祉 祛瘃觇 鲥脲 [绣鼽 桎弪 镳铄牝 FCS 镱 耦玟囗棹 囵扈 痤犷蝾. 骂屙睇 疣耨麒螓忄 镱塍麒螯 噔蝾眍祉 恹耦觐爨礤怵屙睇 爨睇, 钺滂礤眄 汶钺嚯铋 鲨麴钼铋 皴螯 耧铖钺睇 溴轳蜮钼囹 磬 镱脲 犷 襦祛耱蝈朦眍, 徨 礤镱耩邃耱忮眄钽 箫疣怆屙 麇腩忮赅-铒屦囹铕. 襄疴 疱龛 FCS 镱耱箫 溴轳蜮簋 囵扈 2010 泐潴 - 磬 铗 囡 铗矬眍 $14,8 祀痄., 2020 泐潴 漕腈睇 猁螯 耵铕扈痤忄睇 蝽噤鲟螯 FCS-狃桡噤, 磬 镱溷铗钼牦 觐蝾瘥 箝溴 $92 祀痄. 蝈牦 溴蜩脲蜩 耧弼栲腓耱囔 襄眚嚆铐 疣礻圊 FCS 镳邃耱铊 耧痤尻蜩痤忄螯 18 蜩镱 忸屙睇 痤犷蝾, 157 犷痱钼 耔耱屐, 忭邃痂螯 53 眍恹 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 觐眦屣鲨 磬镨襦螯 钺 耠铈眍耱 34 祀. 耱痤 觐溧. 襄疴 溴轳蜮簋 镳铗铗栾 耔耱屐 镱忤蝰 觐眦 2008 泐溧. 项赅 75% 怦艴 疱龛 磬躅蝰 磬 疣眄桴 耱噤 疣琊噌铗觇, 镳邃耱噔栩咫 痒弪眍 觐扈耨梃 铉噌铟屙 恹耦觇扈 翳磬眈钼 痂耜囔鑍, 眍 翳磬眈桊钼囗桢 铋 镳钽疣祆 礤耜铍 疣 镳桀耱囗噔腓忄腩顸. 昨 , 镱蝽 - 铐铎桕鄥

朽犷蜞 磬 耦犷

湾耢铗 磬 钺桦桢 蝈蹴梓羼觇 疱龛, 镳桤忄眄 篑蝠囗栩 麇腩忮赅 镱 犷, 耦脘囹 镱-镳彐礤祗 铖蜞弪 鲥眚疣朦眍 翳泱痤 磬 忸轫. 赅觐-蝾 耢脲 - 犷邂铋 "爨眍", 踵疣牝屦桉蜩觇 觐蝾痤 漕腈睇 猁螯 爨犟桁嚯 恹耦觇.

蠕遴朦睇 耦脘囹 漕腈屙 猁螯 礤 蝾朦觐 礤麇腩忮麇耜 恹眍耠桠, 眍 铟屙 耔脲; 铐 漕腈屙 钺躅滂螯 扈龛祗祛 镳铒栩囗 猁螯 耧铖钺睇 礤耜铍 耋蝾 礤 耧囹, 恹镱腠 犷邂簋 玎溧黧. 勿汔龛珈 耋镥疳铋鲟 漕腈屙 爨犟桁嚯 猁耱痤 恹疣徉螓忄螯 桁祗龛蝈 眍恹 怵邃铐铖睇 扈牮铑疸囗桤爨.

项腧铕 泐溧 磬玎 镱 桎铋 DARPA 耱囵蝾忄 镳铄牝, 鲥朦 觐蝾痤泐 怆弪 徨耨铐磬 骅珥邃蝈朦眍耱 耦脘囹 蝈麇龛 皴扈 漤彘 皴扈 眍麇 - 徨 镱蝈痂 赅麇耱忄 箪耱忮眄钽 翳玷麇耜钽 趔黻鲨铐桊钼囗. 祟珞磴 桉耠邃钼囹咫彘: 篑蝠囗屙桢 镱蝠遽眍耱 忸 耥 忸 怵屐 嚓蜩忭 犷邂 溴轳蜮栝 趔礓囔屙蜞朦眍 桤戾龛 耱疣蝈汨 蜞牝桕 忮溴龛 忸轫. "蒡 镳钽疣祆 (Continuous Assisted Performance Program) - 溴轳蜮栩咫 礤黩 桤 溧 忸, - 铗戾蜩 邋 痼觐忸滂蝈朦 逆铐 枢痦 (John Carney). - 帖 躅蜩 桤篦栩 怦蝠鬻帼羼 骅忸 镳桊钿 耧铖钺眍耱 骅恹 铕汔龛珈钼, 镱蝾 磬轵 瘥鬣汨, 镱祛 觐蝾瘥 耢铈屐 桴 桉镱朦珙忄螯, 溧 蜞, 赅 龛觐祗 泐腩怏 礤 镳桴钿桦".

酿筱桢 桉耠邃钼囹咫 溴豚 耱噔牦 磬 耔眚弪梓羼觇 忮耱忄, "恹觌帼" 镱蝠遽眍耱 耥 磬 箴钼礤 疱泱蝾痦 镳铞羼耦 祛玢 麇腩忮赅. 蠕  礤 眍忄 - 妁 忸 怵屐 买铕铋 扈痤忸 囔屦桕囗鳆, 狃栩囗鳆, 礤祧, 镱眦 镳铗桠钿彘耱忸忄腓 篑蜞腩耱 篑桦桠嚯 徜栩咫铖螯 镳 镱祛 囔翦蜞扈磬. 1999 泐潴 FDA (U. S. Food and Drug Administration - 语疣怆屙桢 镱 觐眚痤膻 磬 脲赅瘃蜮囔 镨恹扈 镳钿箨蜞扈 沿) 恹溧腩 疣琊屮屙桢 磬 恹矬耜 镳屣囵囹 Provigil, 桤忮耱眍泐 蜞赕 赅 Modafinil. Provigil 镱溻屦汶 桉稃蜞龛 磬 耦脘囹圊 纛痱 朽赍 (Fort Rucker, 离噌囔). 物 镱赅玎腓, 黩 桁 镳屣囵囹铎 犷轹 祛泱 钺躅滂螯 徨 耥 40 鬣耦, 镱蝾 镱耧囹 8 鬣耦 犷漯耱忸忄螯 妁 40 鬣耦.

皖  妁 礤 怦. 皖恹 镳铄牝 嚆屙蝰蜮 DARPA 囔徼鲨铉睇 磬玮囗桢 "体蜞犷腓麇耜铄 泐耧钿耱忸" (Metabolic Dominance) 镳桤忄 镳邂疣蜩螯 耦脘囹 疋屦蹼彘, 耧铖钺睇 恹溴疰桠囹 徨 邃 镱 螯 漤彘 驽臌 犷邂 溴轳蜮栝 牮潴, 铖蜞忄顸 镳 铎 躅痤 纛痨. 绣鼽 镥疴簋 铟屦邃 桎弪 "耔耱屐 镱潢铈眍泐 蝠囗耧铕蜞 镨蜞蝈朦睇 忮耱", 桦 TDNDS (Transdermal Nutrient Delivery System). 橡邃镱豚汔弪 铖磬耱栩 赅驿钽 耦脘囹 耧弼栲朦睇 镟赍蝾, 觐蝾瘥 麇疱 觐骓 镱牮钼 腓犷 镱耩邃耱忸 镳祛泐 忖邃屙 牮钼铗铌 耥噌驵 铕汔龛珈 礤钺躅滂禧 觐腓麇耱忸 镨蜞蝈朦睇 忮耱, 耱桁箅蝾痤, 忤蜞扈眍 泐痨铐钼. 枢 玎忤 痼觐忸滂蝈朦 镳铄牝 逆屦嚯 泥瘌 (Gerald Darsch), 耧桉铌 镱蝈眦栲朦睇 赅礓桎囹钼 磬 怅膻麇龛 镟赍 耦耱铊 桤 6575 蹊扈麇耜桴 忮耱.

武桧 桤 磬栳铍邋 玎皴牮鬻屙睇 镳铄牝钼 祛滂翳赅鲨 镳铞羼耦 骅珥邃蝈朦眍耱 麇腩忮赅 疋玎 箫疣怆屐 桤戾礤龛屐 钺戾磬 忮耱 屦沐蜩觇 禧黜铋 溴蝈朦眍耱. 武眍 桤 磬镳噔脲龛 桴 桉耠邃钼囗栝 - 镥疱忸 铕汔龛珈 疱骅 恹疣犷蜿 屦汨 礤 玎 聍弪 筱脲忸漕痤漤钽 镨蜞龛, 镱耩邃耱忸 矜桡囗 骅痤. 燕 镱 皴徨 铗 镳铞羼 躅痤 桤篦屙, 眍 羼蝈耱忮眄 篑腩忤 耦镳钼铈溧弪 磬觐镫屙桢 铕汔龛珈 蝾犟梓睇 忮耱 礤 钺羼镥麒忄弪 礤钺躅滂祛泐 镨蜞龛 觌弪赅 祛玢. 喻屙 镱腠 疱祛耱 铗赅螯 蜞觇 镳屣囵囹, 觐蝾瘥 镱潢铕疱牝桊簋 蹊扈麇耜桢 镳铞羼覃 觌弪赅 铕汔龛珈, 篑蝠囗桠 怵邃睇 镱耠邃耱忤 "骅痤忸泐 镨蜞龛".

犭桄嚅 溴蜩脲蜩 篑钼屦眈蜮钼囗 觐耥篁 蜞赕 禧黜铋 溴蝈朦眍耱 耦脘囹. 如忮耱眍, 黩 觐沅 祗耜箅 篑蜞腓, 觇耠铕钿 牮钼 箧 礤漕耱囹铟眍, 禧 祛泱 镥疱躅滂螯 磬 囗帻痤犴 (徨耜桉腩痤漤) 疱骅 疣犷螓, 黩 镳钿脲忄弪 桴 疣犷蝾耧铖钺眍耱. 橡 铎 桧蝈眈桠眍 钺疣珞弪 祛腩黜 觇耠铗, 恹琨忄 犷脲珥屙睇 铢簌屙 禧圊. 喻屙 耱疱蝰 箸磬螯, 赅 玎戾潆栩 镳铞羼覃 钺疣珙忄龛 钽 忮耱忄 禧黜 觌弪赅 赅 篑觐痂螯 邈 疣珉铈屙桢 恹忸 桤 铕汔龛珈.

袜 祛疱

蓄犷螓-祛觇 铖忄桠帼 怦 犷朦 忸屙睇 耧弼栲朦眍耱彘. 襄疴 漯铐 - 犷邂 镫钼鳆, 镳邃磬珥圜屙睇 潆 铛疣睇 觐疣犭彘 磬 疱殇, 麇疱 泐-溻 玎耱箫 磬 耠箧狍.

骂 徨耧桦铗睇 疣玮邃囹咫 箐囵睇 襦祛脲 绿 Cormorant ("令朦 徉觌囗"), 觐蝾瘥 狍溴 耱囵蝾忄螯 犷痱 镱溻钿眍 腩潢, 磬躅轳 磬 汶筢桧 漕 4550 . 蒡钽 祛瘃觐泐 犷邂钽 痤犷蜞 疣琊噌囹噱 镱漯噻溴脲龛 镥疱漕恹 镳铄牝钼 Skunk Works [ 1960- 泐潲  镱漯噻溴脲龛 镳铖豚忤腩顸 耦玟囗桢 箜桕嚯钽 恹耦蝽钽 襦祛脲蜞-桀磬 U-2. 项玟礤 玟羼 猁 疣琊噌铗囗 襦禧 猁耱瘥 扈疱 疱嚓蜩忭 襦祛脲 SR-71 Blackbird. 霹 镱珂 - 襦祛脲-礤忤滂礻 F-117] 觐祜囗梃 Lockheed Martin.

碾桧 爨睇 耦耱噔弪 5,8 , 疣珈圊 牮 - 4,86 , 爨耨 - 铌铍 4 , 桤 觐蝾瘥 镳桁屦眍 450 赉 - 镱脲珥 沭箸. 青矬耜 镱溻钿眍 腩潢 镫囗桊箦蝰 铖簌羼蜮螯 蜞: 镱耠 铗牮 牮觇 躜 铗蝮溧 恹溻桡噱蝰 铒铕, 磬 觐蝾痤 溴疰栩 襦祛脲, 镱耠 麇泐 铐 疋钺钿眍 怦镫噱 磬 镱忮瘐眍耱. 袜 镱忮瘐眍耱 玎矬耜帼蝰 溻 祛 蜮屦漕蝾镫桠睇 篑觐痂蝈, 钺羼镥麒忄桴 忮痱桕嚯 忡脲. 青蝈 怅膻鬣弪 爨瘌邂 蝮疳钼屙蜩蝾痦 溻桡囹咫, "令朦 徉觌囗" 镥疱躅滂 泐痂珙眚嚯 镱脲. 锑犟桁嚯 耜铕铖螯 漯铐 漕腈磬 耦耱噔螯 880 觎/鬣, 牮彘皴瘃赅 - 550, 疣滂篑 溴轳蜮 漕躅滂螯 漕 920 觎. Cormorant 耢铈弪 溴疰囹 忸玟篚 漕 蝠艴 (!) 鬣耦. 秒噔磬 玎溧鬣 痤犷蜞 - 疣玮邃赅. 皖 邈 祛骓 狍溴 忸铕箧栩 礤耜铍桁 疣赍蜞扈 潆 箐囵 镱 徨疱泐恹 鲥 桦 觐眚彘礤痤 潆 漕耱噔觇 耥囵驽龛 耧弼磬珙怫囔, 恹狃铠屙睇 螓 镳铗桠龛赅. 项耠 恹镱腠屙 扈耨梃 徨耧桦铗龛 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜 耠邃箦 蝾麝 忸玮疣蜞 襦滂蝰 磬 忸潴. 项潆钿赅, 铖蜞忄顸 磬 汶筢桧, 铗牮噱 膻 恹矬耜噱 磬忮瘐 镫噔帼泐 痤犷蜞, 觐蝾瘥 "铗豚怆桠噱" Cormorant 玎蜞耜桠噱 邈 镱 忸潴, 泐痣钼桧 疣赍蝽铋 躜.

彦轺囫 DARPA 泐蝾忤蝰 镳钼羼蜩 桉稃蜞龛 疣礻圊 镳铄牝. 橡噔溧, 镳钼屦螯 爨眢 怦镱祛汔蝈朦眍泐 镱溻钿眍泐 痤犷蜞 狍潴 礤 磬 疱嚯铋 耋犰囵桧, 磬 铒眍 耱屙溴, 镱沭箧屙眍 祛疱.

忭钼 禧 忸玮疣屐 痤犷蜞, 耧铖钺睇 觐腚尻蜩忭 溴轳蜮, 蝾朦觐 蝈镥瘘 - 祛瘃觇 汶筢桧圊. 弱 皴泐漤 耦玟囗 铟屙 祉钽, 眍 钿桧 桤 襦禧 趔黻鲨铐嚯 磬忸痤麇眄 - 痤犷-耋犰囵桧 Seahorse ("填瘃觐 觐礤") - 溧朦龛 汨漯钹牦耱梓羼觇 疣玮邃麒, 赅痱钽疣 祛瘃觐泐 漤 - 镳 礤钺躅滂祛耱 - "耠邃铒", 铗觇忄栝 玎蜞桠羼 磬 漤 镱溻钿睇 腩潢. 绣耋瘃 礤镳屦眍 疣犷螓 囡镟疣蜞 漕耱桡噱 72 鬣耦, 溧朦眍耱 溴轳蜮 - 300 祛瘃觇 扈朦. "亦狍" 蜞觇 "觐睃觐" 耧铖钺屙 恹镱腠螯 漕忸朦眍 耠铈睇 犷邂 玎溧麒 镱 钺磬痼驽龛 扈眄 镱脲, 囗嚯桤 桴 耱痼牝箴, 镱桉牦 镳铛钿钼 羿疴囹屦钼, 镱耱囗钼赍 扈 嚓篑蜩麇耜桴 狍邂-耱铕铈彘.

袜 耋

卿羼 怦 桧蝈眈桠礤 疣玮桠帼蝰 蝈蹴铍钽梃 犷邂钽 忡噼祛溴轳蜮 噔蝾眍祉 耋躅矬蝽 痤犷蝾 疣珉梓眍泐 磬珥圜屙: 襦祛躅漤 箐囵睇 篑蜞眍忸, 铖磬眄 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜桁 耱疱腙钼 铕箧桢, 沭囗囹铎弪囔, 疱珏疴筻疣扈 耠彗铗铟桠钽 汔玎 尻蝠铠铌钼 耩邃耱忄扈. , 犟蜞蜩, 扈磬扈, 觐蝾瘥 眍忸 赅麇耱忮 钺疱腓 耧铖钺眍耱 襦祛耱蝈朦眍 镥疱戾螯 镱 蝈痧栩铕梃 扈眄钽 镱, 戾螯 蝾镱腩汨 扈龛痤忄龛 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 "恹猁忄龛" 耦皴漤桴 扈韰

项 玎禧耠 疣琊噌铗麒觐, 扈眄铄 镱脲 照I 忮赅 狍溴 镳邃耱噔螯 耦犷 腩赅朦眢 皴螯, 钺滂簋 犷痱钼 觐祜蝈瘥 痤犷蝾-扈, 觐蝾瘥, 疋铪 铟屦邃, 狍潴 耧铖钺睇 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜 铒疱溴螯 疋铊 觐铕滂磬螓 镱腩驽龛 漯筱 铗眍耔蝈朦眍 漯筱. "燕祛玎骅怆邋 扈眄铄 镱脲" (Self-healing minefield) 狍溴 磬聍栩囹 漕 螓麒 "桧蝈腚尻蝮嚯" 扈, 觐蝾瘥 镱耠 篑蜞眍怅 蝮 驽 祛泱 磬豚滂螯 戾驿 耦犷 疋琰 犷邂铄 忡噼祛溴轳蜮桢. 橡 镱怆屙梃 铛疣屐铋 珙礤 黧驵觐 扈眄 皴螯 襦爨 疱弪, 沅 赅觐 镱潢 镱漯囹 疋铊 "箸臌". 项耠 铗疣驽龛 囹嚓 皴螯 恹麒耠弪 眍怏 聃屐 镱牮 戾耱眍耱 鑵 磬麒磬弪 玎镱腠螯 矬耱簋 镫铢噤觇. 碾 镥疱戾龛 扈睇-痤犷螓 桉镱朦珞 戾踵龛麇耜桢 蝾腙囹咫 桦 蜮屦漕蝾镫桠睇 疣赍螓. 泥朦眍耱 钿眍泐 "汔" 漕耱桡噱 10 , 镱沭屮眍耱 "镳桤屐脲龛" - 1 . 软蝈疱耥, 黩  扈睇 耢钽篁 疣犷蜞螯 赅 磬 镥疱皴麇眄铋 戾耱眍耱, 蜞 磬 泐痤漶觇 箅桷圊. 项耠邃礤 钺耱蝈朦耱忸 耦麇蜞龛 恹耦觐 镱溻桄眍耱 扈 镥瘃镥牝桠 祛驽 镳桠羼蜩 镱怆屙棹 眍恹 耧铖钺钼 忮溴龛 犷邂 溴轳蜮栝 磬 箅桷圊 溧驽 玎牮 镱戾龛.

袜镱祉桁, 黩 蝈蹴铍钽梃, 镱玮铍桢 铕汔龛珙忄螯 忡噼祛溴轳蜮桢 觐腚尻蜩忭铄 鲥脲磬镳噔脲眄铄 镱忮溴龛 犷朦泐 麒耠 襦祛溴轳蜮簋 痤犷蝾, 猁腓 镳钿屐铐耱痂痤忄睇 妁 2004 泐潴. 橡铊珙  谚脲 皱眚疱 觐祜蝈痦 磬箨 桧骅龛痂磴 项豚 离屙 (Paul G. Allen Center for Computer Science & Engineering, 禹桠屦耔蝈 锣磴蝾磬) 疣礻圊 镳铄牝 Centibots. 聋 镱耱噔脲 铒 觐腚尻蜩忭铋 疱觐沩铖鲨痤怅 镱戾龛 沭箫镱 襦祛溻桄簌桴 痤犷蝾, 耦玟囗睇 肃犷疣蝾痂 痤犷蝾蝈蹴桕 铒疱溴脲龛 耦耱龛 (Robotics and State Estimation Lab) 蝾泐 驽 禹桠屦耔蝈蜞 锣磴蝾磬. Centibots -  礤犷朦 痤犷螓, 耧铖钺睇 疣犷蜞螯 赅 邃桧 铕汔龛珈, 钿桧铟牦. 弱 鲥朦 - 桤篦栩 玎牮铄 镱戾龛, 耦耱噔栩 邈 镫囗 恹镱腠栩 赅牦-龛狍潼 玎溧黧. 嚯泐痂蜢 溴轳蜮栝 痤犷蝾 玎腩驽睇 镳桧鲨稃 襦祛耱蝈朦眍耱, 桧桷栲蜩忭铖蜩, 铐 镥痂钿梓羼觇 忡噼祛溴轳蜮簋 戾驿 耦犷 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 钺耱蝈朦耱 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜 镥疱疣耧疱溴 痤腓. 痤犷蝾 礤 邃桧钽 祛玢钼钽 鲥眚疣,  觐腚尻蜩忭 疣珞, 汨彡 镥疱耱疣桠帼轳 躅溴 恹镱腠屙 玎溧龛. 蝈镥瘘 忪羼蝾 桡痼 Centibots 镱漶蜞怆屐: "镳铗桠铗囗觐忄 扈磬", "耱铕铈邂铋 痤犷", "扈龛囹磬 (桦 礤 铟屙 扈龛囹磬) 襦祛躅漤 犷邂 爨磬" 俞邃栩咫, 礤 镳噔溧 腓? 蒡 溴轳蜮栩咫 蝈礓屙鲨, 镱潢疱镫屙磬 铐铎梓羼觇, - 忮潼 耋躅矬蝽铎 忸铕箧屙梃 铗耋蝰蜮簋 囗嚯钽梓睇 镱 忸珈铈眍耱 耔耱屐, 箫疣怆屐 麇腩忮觐. 疣 蜞 - 痤犷螓, 怙屦邃! [NetFires LLC, 耦忪羼蝽铄 镳邃镳蜩 觐痫铕圉栝 Lockheed Martin Raytheon, 耦玟噱 囵蜩腚屦栝耜簋 耔耱屐 眍忸泐 镱觐脲龛 NLOS-LS. 青潲, 恹耱疱腓忄屐 磬珏祉 忸玟篪睇 镫囹纛痨, 耢钽篁 钺滂螯 忸玟篚 桧蝈腚尻蝮嚯簋 皴螯 爨犟桁嚯铋 翦牝桠眍耱 镱疣驵螯 钺牝 镳铗桠龛赅, 疣耧铍铈屙睇 忭 珙睇 镳祛 忤滂祛耱. 碾 磬忮溴龛 磬 鲥朦 "箪睇" 耥囵潲 狍潴 桉镱朦珙忄螯 豚珏痦 疣溧瘥 犷痱钼铄 衔 疣耧铉磬忄龛. 雾 耧铖钺睇 磬躅滂螯 忸玟篚 30 扈眢, 镳孱漕脲忄 玎  怵屐 漕 70 觎 镱桉赅 鲥脲, 蜞赕 祛泱 桉镱朦珙忄螯 赅 疣玮邃囹咫 桧耱痼戾眚 潆 襻铕 疋邃屙栝 镳铗桠龛赍. NLOS-LS 皴泐漤 怅膻麇磬 镳铄牝 FCS. 袜 疣琊噌铗牦 NLOS-LS 襄眚嚆铐 恹溴腓 $1,1 祀痄.]

铗腓麒 铗 钿眍疣珙恹, 礤耧屮眍 "镥疱镱腌帼" 扈 镱脲恹 痤犷螓 祛泱 猁螯 猁耱痤躅漤 躅痤 忸铕箧屙 钺睇 耱疱腙钼 铕箧桢 腓犷 疣珉梓睇扈 忤溧扈 蜞 磬琨忄屐钽 礤耢屦蝈朦眍泐 铕箧 - 恹耦觐忸朦蝽 "驵扈 痂赅扈", 钺骅汔桁 崖-塍鬣扈 怦觐泐 痤溧 "铗矬汨忄桁" 蹊扈麇耜桁 忮耱忄扈.

锑腩汔徉痂蝽 痤犷螓-耦脘囹 磬 泱皴龛黜铎 躅潴 - PacBots 镳铊玮钿耱忄 觐祜囗梃 iRobot 皴疱滂睇 镳铠腩泐 泐溧 磬鬣腓 镱耱箫囹 磬 忸铕箧屙桢 囵扈 疣珥 耱疣. 琉栩囗 镳桀狃咫 蝠桎鲟螯 痤犷蝾, 磬 "爨眍" 疣耜铠咫桦 馏礓羼忮. 湾祧囔 痤犷螓 蜞 镳桫腓顸 镱 怅篑, 黩 磬 铗 泐 铐 玎赅玎腓 妁 溻噤鲟螯 溻 箨. 骂屙睇 囗嚯栩桕 镳邃耜噻帼 狍 钽 忤溧 蝈蹴桕 犭桄嚅 溴螯 脲, 镱耜铍, 玎 桉觌屙桢 礤犷朦泐 麒耠 "桧蝈腚桡屙蝽" 犷邂 铒屦圉栝, 犷朦眈蜮 溴轳蜮栝 耦脘囹 磬 镱 耩噫屙栝 篑镥躅 耢钽篁 恹镱腠螯 爨腩汔徉痂蝽, "漕 珞犷" 忸铕箧屙睇 耋躅矬蝽 漯铐 疣珥 忤漕. 蜀蜞蜩, iRobot 箧 皴泐漤 镳邃豚汔弪 犷朦 溴蜿 疣珥钼桎眍耱彘 PacBot掝 (疣玮邃麒觇-磬犭囹咫, 觐痧尻蜩痤怡桕 钽, 镱溻桄睇 扈眍戾螓, 扈礤瘥, 礤耜铍 蜩镱 襦祛躅漤 扈韰) [ 疣礻圊 镳铄牝 Joint Ground Robotics Enterprise 觐祜囗 iRobot, 镳铊玮钿栩咫 痤犷蝾-襦镥痤 PackBot, 钺滂龛豚顸 翳痨铋 ICx Technologies, 耧弼栲腓玷痼彘 磬 耦玟囗梃 囡镟疣蝮瘥 钺磬痼驽龛 忡瘥怊囹 篑蝠铋耱. 袜 痤犷蝾 镫囗桊箦蝰 篑蜞眍忤螯 溴蝈牝铕 Fido, 觐蝾瘥, 赅 篁忮疰溧弪, 镱 黧怦蜮栩咫铖蜩 耩噔龛禧 睨躅 躅痤 蝠屙桊钼囗睇 耠箧遽睇 耦徉. 窿滏弪 镳铄牝 耦耱噔桦 $16,6 祀.].

妙忸 镥瘃镥牝桠圊 痤犷蜩玎鲨 犷邂 溴轳蜮栝 磬 耋, 礤朦 礤 箫铎眢螯 犷朦 沭箫镥 漯铐钼, 恹镱腠桴 趔黻鲨 蝾 腓 眍耔朦赅, 蝾 腓 "桧蝈腚尻蝮嚯铋" 撂 [撂 - 犷邂 爨磬 镥躅螓]. 项 玎禧耠 耱疣蝈泐, 磬  篑蝠铋耱忄 狍潴 忸珉铈屙 玎溧麒 爨聒蜞犷 忸轳觐忸 铒屦圉梃: 礤耜铍 溴蜿钼 桦 耦蝈 汔桴 镱 徨玟铕铈 痤犷蝾 骅忸 耔腩, 镳栾囫囔 忸铕箧屙桢, 耦汶囫 镥疱戾龛 漯筱 漯筱铎, 恹溻桡帼蝰 磬 玎溧眄 镱玷鲨. 项耠 "耧屮桠囗" 耦脘囹 痤犷螓 铕汔龛珞 漕珙 牮筱腩耋蝾黜簋 铛疣眢 镱玷鲨. 项 觐爨礓 铐 祛泱 囹嚓钼囹 镳铗桠龛赅, 桉镱朦珞 怦 忤潲 磬耱箫囹咫钽 忸铕箧屙. 怦  - 礤镳屦眍 忡噼祛溴轳蜮梃 漯筱 漯筱铎 "腩赅朦睇扈 皴扈" 犷邂 漯铐钼 漯筱桴 痤漕 忸轳 - 噔栲鲨 绿褏 耠篦噱 礤钺躅滂祛耱 痤犷螓 恹镱腠 趔黻鲨 襦龛蜞痤, 铗觇忄 恹眍 镱 犷 疣礤睇 犷轹钼. 项 铞屙赅 耧弼栲腓耱钼, 怦 铒桉囗眍 祛驽 耱囹 疱嚯铖螯 箧 犭桄嚅 溻 溴蜩脲蜩.

枢祗綦

锐牦耨蜮 爨耜桊钼觇 忸屙眍 溴脲 桡疣弪 忄骓簋 痤朦. 朽琊噌铗麒觇 蝈蹴梓羼觇 镳桢祛, 镱玮铍桴 爨耜桊钼囹 忸屙睇 钺牝 桦 溴豚螯 桴 礤忤滂禧扈 潆 疣溧痤, 龛觐沅 礤 桉稃螓忄腓 礤漕耱囹赅 翳磬眈桊钼囗梃. 念脬铄 怵屐 龛麇泐 眍忸泐 "磬 铎 麴铐蝈" 礤 镳铊聃钿桦, 镱赅 理漯遴 离 (Andrea Alu) 袜滂 蓓沐蜞 (Nader Engheta) 桤 禹桠屦耔蝈蜞 襄眈桦囗梃 (University of Pennsylvania) 礤 镳邃腩骅腓 铕桡桧嚯簋 桎妣 钺羼镥麇龛 礤忤滂祛耱 钺牝钼 镱祛 镳桎箪囗眍泐 桁 镱牮 镱 磬玮囗桢 plasmonic.

项 玎禧耠 囔屦桕囗鲥, 铐 漕腈眍 镱戾螯 磬犭屙棹 钺牝 膻犷泐 疣牦瘃 犭嚆钿囵 蝾祗, 黩 镳嚓蜩麇耜 镱腠铖螯 篑蝠囗弪 疣耨彖忄龛 疋弪. 橡桧鲨 溴轳蜮 铖眍忄 磬 "疱珙磬眈 镟溧邈 疋弪 鬣耱铗铋 忸腠 尻蝠铐眍 镫铗眍耱 镱忮瘐眍耱眍 耠铄 镱牮". 绣鼽 桎弪 疱珀铎 耥桄屙梃 "镱镥疱黜钽 皴麇龛 疣耨彖忄龛". 软 耠钼囔, 疋弪 礤 镱汶铢噱蝰, 礤 疣耨彖忄弪 礤 铗疣驵弪 珏痍嚯. 湾镫铛, 溧?

殷 眢骓 漕徉忤螯, 黩 镱腠铋 戾疱  桎 镳桁屙桁 腓 蝈豚, 疣珈屦 觐蝾瘥 耦镱耱噔桁 潆桧铋 忸腠, 怦脲漶蜮桢 麇泐 磬麒磬 疣犷蜞螯 赈囗蝾恹 翦牝, 犭嚆钿囵 觐蝾瘥 疋弪 忸钺 礤 镱镟溧弪 磬 玎屐 钺牝. 项蝾祗 镥疱轵 铗 铋 桎彖 耦玟囗棹 耦脘囹耜铋 镫帙-镟豚蜿-礤忤滂礻 (忄痂囗 - 赅耜-礤忤滂礻) 邃忄 腓 觐沅-龛狍潼 箐囫蝰. 项牮桢 plasmonic 疱嚆桊箦 漕腈睇 钺疣珙 蝾朦觐 磬 疋弪 耱痤泐 铒疱溴脲眄铋 鬣耱铗. 族 疱 耧尻蝠 铖忮龛, 蝈 躞驽 疣犷蜞弪 ""; 镳 漤邂眍 疋弪 钺牝 羿牝梓羼觇 耱囗钼栩 忤滂禧.

武磬觐 潆 桎遴朦眍 耵屦梓羼觇 桦 鲨腓礓痂麇耜桴 钺牝钼 蝈蹴铍钽 溧弪 膻犷稃蝽 疱珞朦蜞螓. 亦觇 钺牝 潆 磬犭囹咫 狍潴 琊栩咫 "耱汨忄螯" 蝾麝 桦 腓龛.

离 蓓沐蜞 篁忮疰溧, 黩 plasmonic-镱牮桢 潆 溧朦礤泐 桧麴嚓疣耥钽 桦 恹耦觐鬣耱铗眍泐 疣滂铊珉篦屙 祛骓 耦玟囹, 桉镱朦珞 蜞 磬琨忄屐 戾蜞爨蝈痂嚯 - 镱忮瘐眍耱, 钺疣珙忄眄 钽痤祉 麒耠铎 扈牮铖觐镨麇耜桴 囗蝈眄 铒疱溴脲眄铋 纛痨. 义铕弪梓羼觇 蜞觇 驽 钺疣珙 祛骓 箨瘥忄螯 铟屙 牮箫睇 蝈豚 铗 潆桧眍忸腠钼钽 疣滂铊珉篦屙.

赅麇耱忮 镳铗铗栾钼 桦 溴祛眈蝠囹铕钼 蝈蹴铍钽梃 祛骓 箫铎眢螯 玎戾鬣蝈朦眢 疣琊噌铗牦 翳痨 Boston Dynamics [橡 篦囫蜩 耧弼栲腓耱钼 觐祜囗梃 Foster Miller, 耦蝠箐龛觐 豚犷疣蝾痂 疱嚓蜩忭钽 溻桄屙 NASA (JPL) 篦屙 绵疴囵溧 (Harvard University). 澡磬眈桊钼囗桢 钺羼镥麒忄弪 磬篦睇 铗溴 DARPA (Defense Sciences Office)]. 2004 泐潴 襄眚嚆铐 玎躅蝈 镱塍麒螯 痤犷蝾-眍耔朦觐 恹溧 铋 觐祜囗梃 玎赅 磬 疣琊噌铗牦 耱铊祛耱 镱腧铕 扈腚桀磬 漕腚囵钼. 埋邈 疣礻圊 觐眚疣牝 猁腓 耦玟囗 麇螓疱 汔桴 痤犷蜞: BigDog ("令朦 镥"), LittleDog ("锑臌 镥"), 蜞赕 耱桧钽栝 RHex 痤犷-镟箨 RiSE.

BigDog 礤忮腓: 恹耦蜞 " 躅腙" 70 耢, 潆桧 1,3 , 忮 75 赉. 襄疱溻桡噱蝰 铐 镱赅 黩 耦 耜铕铖螯 镥躅溧 (5,3 觎/鬣) 祛驽 蜞螯 磬 皴徨 沭箸 55 赉. "彦痄鲥" 痤犷蜞 怆弪 溻篚蜞牝睇 溻桡囹咫 忭篁疱眄邈 胥铕囗, 觐蝾瘥 镳桠钿栩 溴轳蜮桢 尻蝠钽屙屦囹铕 汨漯铐囫铖. 务钺屙眍耱 钽 漯铐 怆弪 耧铖钺眍耱 躅痤 溴疰囹 疣忭钼羼桢 磬 耜腩磬 溧驽 镳 蝾膑赅. 茵弪 忮瘃 痤犷蜞, 觐蝾疣 铈桎噱蝰 怦觐疱, 狍溴 钺豚溧螯 磬祉钽 犷朦 沭箸铒钿祉铖螯 (漕 300 赉), 耜铕铖螯 镥疱溻桄屙 (漕 40 觎/鬣), 疣玮栩 耧铖钺眍耱扈 镱桉赅 爨瘌痼蜞 溻桄屙, 耱噌桦桤圉梃 镱腩驽龛 沭箸 (玎蜞 铗 蝠耜 疣耜圜桠囗) 忸珈铈眍耱扈 疋玷 皴徨 镱漕犴 潆 铕汔龛玎鲨 耦汶囫钼囗眍泐 镱忮溴龛 (耢铗痂蝈, 玟羼  蝈礓屙鲨!) [袜篦磬 豚犷疣蝾痂 侣 沿 (www.afrl.af.mil) 礤耜铍 脲 蝠箐栩 磬 耦玟囗桢 蝈蹴铍钽梃 箫疣怆屙 沭箫镟扈 扈牮铕钺铗钼, 桁栩桊簋 镱忮溴龛 磬皴觐禧. 项漕犴 篑蝠铋耱忄 耢钽篁 镳铐桕囹 玎眄 狍黻屦 镱 箸觇 忮眚桦鲨铐睇 赅磬豚, 赅徨朦睇 躜囔,  膻猁 漯筱桁 扈龛囹睇 镳铛钿囔. 篑腩忤 铗耋蝰蜮 疋玷 鲥眚痤 镱漕犴铄 篑蝠铋耱忸 钿桧铟牦 礤 耢铈弪 铗赅螯 桎屙蜩翳鲨痤忄螯 桉觐禧 钺牝 (磬镳桁屦, 觐黻疱蝽钽 麇腩忮赅), 眍  狍溴 怙铍礤 镱 耔豚 觐铕滂龛痤忄眄 溴轳蜮簋 沭箫镥 痤犷蝾鈃.

项祛汔螯 疣礤睇 蝾驽 狍潴 痤犷螓. 橡铗铗栾 漯铐钼-耧囫囹咫彘 疣琊噌囹噱 桉稃螓忄弪 囔屦桕囗耜 觐祜囗 Vecna Technologies. 义牦 镳铄牝 [锐耠邃钼囹咫觇 鲥眚 镱 蝈脲戾滂鲨礤 镥疱漕恹 蝈蹴铍钽 (Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center - TATRC) 恹溧 沭囗 觐祜囗梃 Vecna 磬 疣玮栩桢 钽 镳铄牝郵 痤犷蝾蝈蹴梓羼觐泐 铗溴脲龛 Vecna 磬琨忄弪 "项桉觐恹 耧囫囹咫 痤犷 镱 犷" (Battlefield Extraction and Retrieval Robot - BEAR). 嘛痤麇, 磬 戾溻邃 铐 礤 镱躅, 躅 铟屙 耔脲 - 磬 痼赅 痤犷 耧铖钺屙 箐屦骅忄螯 沭箸 227 赉. BEAR 皴泐漤 -  疣犷蜞栝 镳铗铗栾, 爨磬 蜞 磬琨忄屐铋 "脏琨 I", 觐蝾痤 桉镱朦珞弪 耨, 玎桁耱忸忄眄铄 铗 襦祛徉豚眈桊簋泐 耜篁屦 Segway. 蜞觐 忤溴 痤犷 箧 镳钿屐铐耱痂痤忄 耧铖钺眍耱 漕脬 耦躔囗螯 疣忭钼羼桢 镥疱忸玷螯 磬 痼赅 "犷轹" (爨礤赍, 栾桊钼囗睇 镱-忸屙眍祗). 馏潴 "脏玎 II" 镱漯噻箪邂噱 玎戾眢 龛骓彘 鬣耱 痤犷蜞 磬 "眍汨-泱皴龛鳆".

怦 驽 磬栳铍邋 泐蝾恹 " 箫铗疱犭屙棹" 磬 镱 耩噫屙栝 觐脲耥 泱皴龛黜 犷邂 痤犷螓, 耧铖钺睇 礤耱 疣珥铑狃噻眍 忸铕箧屙桢 - 铗 矬脲戾蝾 漕 篑蜞眍忸 玎腼钼钽 钽. 如 镳邃耱噔栩咫彘 铋 觐泐痱 祛骓 铗戾蜩螯 漕忸朦眍 桤忮耱睇 痤犷螓-磬犭囹咫 TALON ("暑泐螯") 桴 忸铕箧屙眢 祛滂翳赅鲨 SWORD ("体") 觐祜囗梃 Foster-Miller. "锑膻蜿" 忸铕箧帼蝰 矬脲戾蝾 M249 赅腓狃 5,56 祆 (750 恹耱疱腩 扈眢蝮) 桦 矬脲戾蝾 M240 赅腓狃 7,62 (7001000 扈眢蝮). 铃 镥疱玎潢 痤犷 祛驽 镳铊玮羼蜩 300 350 恹耱疱腩 耦铗忮蝰蜮屙眍. 念镱腠栩咫 SWORD 祛骓 钺铕箐钼囹 镳铗桠铗囗觐恹 痼纥屐, 40-扈腚桁弪痤恹 沭囗囹铎弪铎 12-玎漤 漯钺钼桕铎 [暑祜囗 Northrop Grumman 铗牮 玎忸 镱 镳铊玮钿耱怏 恹耦觐屦沐蜩麇耜桴 豚珏痤 潆 忸屙睇 眢驿. 务钺铄 忭桁囗桢 箐咫弪 镳铄牝 疣珈妁屙 豚珏疣 祛铖螯 100 曷 磬 磬珏祉铎 忭邃铕铈眍 痤犷蝈 TALON 镳铊玮钿耱忄 Foster-Miller. 蓄犷 箧 铖磬腭 矬脲戾蜞扈, 沭囗囹铎弪囔 镳铗桠铗囗觐恹扈 痼纥扈, 蝈镥瘘 铟屦邃 漕 漕 犷邂 豚珏痤鈃. 襄疱溻桡噱蝰 痤犷 爨犟桁嚯铋 耜铕铖螯 7 觎/鬣, 祛驽 镳孱漕脲螯 沭箐 赅祉彘 觐膻黧 镳钼铍铌 镱漤桁囹 镱 脲耱龛鲟. "体" 忮溴 钽铐 镱 怵嚆 疣耨蝾龛 漕 1,5 觎, 镳梓屐 铟屙 戾蜿. 项 耠钼囔 滂疱牝铕 Foster-Miller 令徉 鼠桧磬 (Bob Quinn), 麇腩忮-耦脘囹 疣耨蝾龛 300 镱镟溧弪 鲥朦 疣珈屦铎 徉耜弪犷朦睇 , 痤犷 镱疣驵弪 祛礤蝮. 骂 怵屐 桉稃蜞龛 "体" 皲咫嚯 70 恹耱疱腩 怦 - "犭铟觐".

霹 犷脲 "耱疣" Gladiator - 漕忸朦眍 牮箫睇 (忮 3 ) 猁耱瘥 犷邂铋 痤犷 (蜞牝梓羼觐 徨耧桦铗眍 磬珏祉铄 蝠囗耧铕蝽铄 耩邃耱忸 - TUGV), 耦玟囗睇 豚犷疣蝾痂 禹桠屦耔蝈蜞 枢痦邈-体腚铐. 惕龛耱屦耱忸 钺铕铐 沿 磬戾疱眍 20092010 泐溧 铖磬耱栩 囵扈 溻箪 耦蝽扈 桴 戾踵龛珈钼, 镱蝈眦栲朦眍 钺豚溧桴 铟屙 恹耦觇扈 犷邂 踵疣牝屦桉蜩赅扈 钽礤忸 祛. 项赅 痤犷蝾 箫疣怆弪 铒屦囹铕, 钿磬觐 躅溴 桉稃蜞龛 镫囗桊箦蝰 篑蜞眍忤螯 磬 礤泐 噔蝾眍祉簋 襦祛钺篦帼 耔耱屐 箫疣怆屙 磬 徉珏 礤轲铖弪邂 嚯泐痂蜢钼.

西屙 桧蝈疱耥 镫囗 镱 耦玟囗棹 噔蝾爨蜩玷痤忄眄 耔耱屐 恹珙忄 钽礤忸 镱滗屦骊 耋躅矬蝽 铒屦圉栝 觐疣犭彘 镱溻钿睇 腩漕 绿. 语疣怆栝 犷屐 觐祜蝈 (桦 耔耱屐 觐祜蝈痤, 篑蜞眍怆屙睇 犷邂 痤犷蜞) 漕腈屙 襦 铒疱溴螯 忸珈铈眍耱 恹珙忄 镱潢疱镫屙 镳 磬腓麒 镱犭桤铖蜩 忸屙睇 觐疣犭彘, 泐蝾恹 犷. 襦黻鲨 觐爨礓桊 钽礤忸 镱潢疱镫屙桢 恹琨忄弪 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜, 镳 铎 蜞赕 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜 恹溧 镟疣戾蝠 鲥脲 镱耠邃钼囹咫铖螯 桴 镱疣驽龛. 唏眍, 黩 篑镥铖螯 疱嚯桤圉梃 桴 玎潴祛 磬镳祗 玎忤耔 铗 疣玮栩 "徨珉睇" 蝈蹴铍钽栝 忮溴龛 忸轫麉

枢扈赅溏桕

洛痤蝽, 襦禧扈 爨脲睃觇扈 犷邂 痤犷蜞扈 祛骓 聍栩囹 襦祛磬忸羼 磬 鲥朦 耥囵潲 桦 牮箫眍赅腓徨痦 矬腓.

语疣怆屐 汔筢梓睇 耥囵潲 犷朦泐 赅腓狃, 觐蝾瘥扈 耱疱 桤 汶噤觐耱忸朦眍泐 铕箐, 桤忮耱睇 箧 溧忭, 眍 忸 镳铠腩 泐潴 桧驽礤瘥 桤 豚犷疣蝾痂 噤囡蜩忭 帻痤耱痼牝箴 (Adaptive Aerostructures Laboratory - AAL) 囔屦桕囗耜钽 箜桠屦耔蝈蜞 Auburn 忡腓顸 玎 疱龛 泐疣玟 犷脲 蝠箐眍 玎溧麒: 耦玟囹 耔耱屐 箫疣怆屙 镱脲蝾 猁耱痤 怵帙帼泐 耥囵溧, 恹矬眄钽 桤 磬疱珥钽 耱忸豚. 橡钽疣祆 镱塍麒豚 磬玮囗桢 "冷囡蜩忭 犷屣痂镟覃, 玎矬耜噱禧 桤 耱忸豚" (Barrel Launched Adaptive Munition - BLAM).

橡栳铕 耔耱屐 箫疣怆屙 镳桠钿 漕腈睇 猁螯 蜞 爨臌, 黩钺 镱戾耱栩 爨腩赅腓徨痦 耥囵. 泽黻鲨 痼, 镱 玎禧耠 觐眈蝠箨蝾痤, 漕腈屙 恹镱腠螯 铗觌铐屐 磬 礤犷朦 筱铍 眍 桦 踱铖蝾忤 耥囵溧, - 忮潼 磬 疋屦蹒怏觐忸 耜铕铖蜩 铗觌铐屙 溧驽 漕膻 沭噤篑 狍溴 漕耱囹铟眍 潆 耦玟囗 礤钺躅滂祛泐 箫疣怆邈 篑桦.

碾 铗觌铐屙 磬觐礤黜桕 猁腩 疱眍 桉镱朦珙忄螯 礤耜铍 稂彗铌屦囔梓羼觇 耱屦骓彘, 疣耧铍铈屙睇 镳嚓蜩麇耜 镟疣腚咫 铖 耥囵溧. 体 潆桧 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 镱溧忄屐钽 磬镳驽龛, 铐 溻桡嚯 猁 觐眵桕 耥囵溧. 念忸朦眍 漕脬 礤 箐噔嚯铖 磬轵 镳桢祀屐簋 蝈蹴铍钽棹 桤泐蝾怆屙 稂彗铒痂忸溧, 耧铖钺眍泐 恹溴疰桠囹 觐腩耨嚯 镥疱沭箸觇 镳 恹耱疱脲 鲥眚痤徨骓 篑桦 忸 怵屐 镱脲蜞. 亦 桦 桧圜, 眍 镳钺脲祗 箐嚯铖 疱螯. 如泐蝾怆屙睇 耧屦桁屙蜞朦睇 泐腩怅 耦铗忮蝰蜮钼嚯 犷屣痂镟襦 赅腓狃 铗 20 祆.

锐稃蜞龛 疋屦蹒怏觐忸 帻痤滂磬扈麇耜铋 蝠筢 镱赅玎腓, 黩 眍 耥囵溧 祛驽 铗觌铐螯 磬 筱铍 漕 0,12 沭噤篑 赅驿簋 耱铕铐 鬣耱铗铋 漕 198 闽. 湾钺躅滂祛 磬镳驽龛 耦耱噔桦 耦蝽 忸朦 镳 镱蝠遽屐铋 祛铖蜩 怦邈 0,028 买. 橡铟眍耱 屐屙蝾 镳桠钿 蝾驽 镱溻屦汶囫 镳钼屦赍 - 铐 镥疱礤耠 17000 g 耱囵蝾忸 镥疱沭箸觇.

惕龛囹睇扈 痤犷蜞扈-赅扈赅溏 玎桧蝈疱耦忄腩顸 嚆屙蝰蜮 HSARPA (Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency), 玎龛爨邋 镥疱漕恹扈 桉耠邃钼囹咫觇扈 镳铄牝囔 桧蝈疱襦 磬鲨铐嚯铋 徨珙镟耥铖蜩 沿. 聋腩 疱眍 桉镱朦珙忄螯 桴 Electric bullets - 蜞 骟痦嚯桉螓 镳铉忄腓 眍恹 蜩 礤耢屦蝈朦眍泐 铕箧, 铒睇 钺疣琏 觐蝾痤泐, 赅 铈桎噱蝰, 狍潴 泐蝾恹 觐眦 睇礤邈 泐溧. 昔桷栲朦眍 镳铄牝 眍耔 磬玮囗桢 "软眍忄鲨铐睇 礤耢屦蝈朦睇 篑蝠铋耱忄 潆 钺羼镥麇龛 镳噔铒铕潢". 奏耱 溴礤 桤 囫耔沩钼囗睇 $23 祀. 镱塍麒豚 觐祜囗 Lynntech, 疣琊噌囹帼 耥囵, 觐蝾瘥 祛驽 猁螯 恹矬 桤 漯钺钼桕 桦 40-扈腚桁弪痤忸泐 沭囗囹铎弪. 项耠 羿琨 箫疣怆屐钽 镱脲蜞, 蝈麇龛 觐蝾痤泐 蝠噱牝铕 觐痧尻蜩痼弪 镱 "玎轺桕" 豚珏痦铋 镱漶忮蜿, 耥囵 "镳桦栾噱" 鲥腓 疣琊漕 80 螓 忸朦 汔疣眚桊箦 7-皴牦礓睇 . 项耠邃簋 箐囵 蝾觐 桧桷梃痼 滂耱囗鲨铐眍 桦 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜.

酿筱铋 篦囫蝽桕 镳钽疣祆 HSARPA - 觐痫铕圉 Mid Technology, 镳邃豚汔 Piezer - 箫疣怆屐铄 篑蝠铋耱忸, 恹脲蜞邋 桤 漯钺钼桕 12-泐 赅腓狃 鲥腓, 磬躅轳 磬 疣耨蝾龛 4050 . Mid 铗赅玎腓顸 铗 蝠噤桷桀眄铋 聃屐 赍疣 "徉蜞疱殛-蝠囗耵铕爨蝾-觐礓屙襦蝾". 蚂羼蝾 钽 Piezer 耦溴疰栩 稂彗铨脲牝痂麇耜桢 牮桉蜞腚, 觐蝾瘥 沐礤痂痼 恹耦觐 磬镳驽龛 镳 矜囹梃.

蝠弪 疣琊噌铗麒赍 镱 桁屙 UHV Technologies 桤忮耱眍 爨腩. 雾 蝾驽 疣耨麒螓忄弪 磬 漯钺钼桕 桦 沭囗囹铎弪, 眍 桉镱朦珞弪 祛 尻蝠铖蜞蜩麇耜栝 玎.

左螯 犷朦 桧纛痨圉梃 桁邋蝰 觐痫铕圉梃 Physical Optics, 觐蝾疣 蝾驽 镱 漯筱桁 矬蝈, 礤驽腓 觐黻箴屙螓. 洋 镱 铟屙 耜箐睇 铒桉囗, 邋 篑蝠铋耱忸 镳邃耱噔弪 耦犷 蝾黻铒脲眍黜 磬觐镨蝈朦 屦汨 (觐礓屙襦蝾), 觐蝾瘥 玎驵弪 镳铞羼皴 桤泐蝾怆屙. 玎, 耦躔囗栝 蝈麇龛 祉钽桴 脲, 恹疋钺铈溧弪 蝾朦觐 蝾沅, 觐沅 镱镟溧弪 鲥朦.

褥 疋屦躞 忤漤 怦

项麒蜞蝈腓 箧 镱溏噌钽 痤脲忸泐 蹊蜞 Wizardry 8 镱祉 磬漕邃噔 沐痤 漯铐 - 犷邂 脲蜞蝈朦睇 囡镟疣螓 尻蝠铐睇扈 祛玢囔. 枢 桤忮耱眍, 铗 恹潴礻 漕 疱嚯铖蜩 钿桧 . 琉栩囗耜 镱腓鲨 - 觐黻疱蝽, 篦囫蝾 体瘃桉嚅 (皴忮痤-玎镟漤 理汶) - 耠邃 镳桁屦 玎铌遴眈觇 觐腚邈 桤 沿, 钺玎忸滂蝰 徨耧桦铗睇 沐腓觐矧屦铎, 觐蝾痤祗 礤 踱囹噱 蝾朦觐 犭囫蝈疣, 黩钺 嚓牦疣蝽 怙桉囹 磬 耱疣龛鳆 赅觐-龛狍潼 "觐耢梓羼觐 铒屦". 锑磬 滂囔弪痤 铌铍 戾蝠 忮耦 礤耜铍 觇腩沭囔祛 铖磬磬 蝈脲赅戾疣扈, 耧铖钺睇扈 溴豚螯 耥桁觇 恹耦螓 漕 500 . 酿铐 疣琊噌囹嚯 忸屙睇扈, 眍 蝈镥瘘 磬殇弪 皴徨 镳桁屙屙桢 磬 沭噫溧黻.

隋蜞螯 镱腓鲥轳觇 痤犷 祛驽 腓犷 镱 箫疣怆屙桢 磬珏祉钽 铒屦囹铕, 腓犷 襦祛耱蝈朦眍 - 痼觐忸漶蜮顸 镳钽疣祆铋 GPS-磬忤汔鲨彘. 署铎 钺睇 蝈脲赅戾, 磬 礤泐 祛骓 篑蜞磬怆桠囹 赅戾瘥 眍黜钽 忤溴龛. 襄疱戾弪 铐 镳嚓蜩麇耜 徨聒箪眍.

棹礤 爨磬 镳铋溴 镱腠铎囫噌睇 镱脲恹 桉稃蜞龛, 觐蝾瘥 镳钿蝰 蝠 戾鲟. 项腓鲥轳觇 麒睇 镱澉屦觇忄, 黩  镥疴 镱漕犴 铒 洛腓觐狃栩囗梃, 镳邃忤 犷朦 狍潴 眍忸 蝈蹴铍钽梃. 酿铐 漕腈屙 疱汨耱痂痤忄螯 耠篦噼 "囗蜩耦鲨嚯钽 镱忮溴龛", 翳犟桊钼囹 忤眍忭桕钼 镱祛汔螯 耦徼疣螯 漕赅玎蝈朦耱忄 潆 镳桠脲麇龛 磬痼蝈脲 耋潴. 杨狁蜮屙眍 泐忸,  恹耦觐蝈蹴铍钽梓眍 镳钿铍驽龛 镱腓蜩觇 囗汶栝耜铋 镱腓鲨 镱 筲咫梓屙棹 邋 镳桉篁耱忤 磬 箅桷圊.

橡噔铉帙栩龛觇, 觐礤黜, 礤 箫篑蜩腓 耠篦 磬镱祉栩, 黩 琉栩囗梃 蜞 襦祛 犷朦 麒耠 忤溴铌囔屦 磬犭屙 扈疱 - 耩邃龛 狃栩囗弼 镱镟溧弪 桴 镱脲 琊屙 镱 蝠桉蜞 疣 磬 漤. 羼腓 耱圉桀磬痦 赅戾疣 镳栳噔蝰 妁 徨聒箪眍 脲蜞桢 漯铐麉 钺, 蝈镥瘘 怆脲眄 镟痤麝囔 狍溴 礤 箨瘥螯 铗 怦邂桎 蜞觇 漕狃铈咫囹咫 汶噻 溧驽 磬 耔朦眍 镥疱皴麇眄铋 戾耱眍耱. 认

http://offline.computerra.ru/offline/2007/688/320626/

蓄犷-戾溻邃 恹礤皴 疣礤睇 镱 犷

漓屦桕囗耜桢 忸屙睇 疣琊噌囹帼 痤犷蜞, 镳邃磬珥圜屙眍泐 潆 嚓筻鲨 疣礤睇 耦脘囹 镱 犷 桦 玎疣驽眄 蝈痧栩铕栝.

橡铄牝 镱塍麒 磬玮囗桢 BEAR (耦牮帙屙眍 铗 Battlefield Extraction Assist Robot), 邈 疱嚯桤圉桢 玎龛爨 桧驽礤瘥 觐祜囗梃 Vecna Technologies. 橡邃镱豚汔弪, 黩 痤犷 痤耱铎 铌铍 1,8 戾蝠 耢铈弪 镥疱溻桡囹 镱 镥疱皴麇眄铋 戾耱眍耱 蝠囗耧铕蜩痤忄螯 沭箸 忮耦 漕 135 觇腩沭囔祛. 愉屦骅忄螯 疣忭钼羼桢 BEAR 狍溴 镳 镱祛 耠铈眍 耔耱屐 汨痤耜铒钼 尻蝠铎铗铕钼, 箫疣怆屐 觐祜蝈痤.

洋耱怏栝 镳铗铗栾 BEAR 耥噌驽 镟痤 耧弼栲朦睇 "痼", 溻桡帼躐 怃铍 蝈豚 痤犷蜞 镱漕犴 玎踱囹囔 忤腩黜钽 镱沭箸麒赅. 捂桎噱蝰, 黩 痤犷 耢铈弪 镱漤桁囹 耦脘囹 钿龛 镫噔睇 溻桄屙桢, 镳梓桧 疣礤睇 扈龛祗 犷腓 滂耜铎纛痱. 橡桁鬻囹咫, 黩 泐腩忄 "戾踵龛麇耜钽 戾溽疣蜞" 狍溴 磬镱扈磬螯 泐腩怏 镫邂钽 戾溻彐铐赅. 项 玎禧耠 耦玟囹咫彘,  漕腈眍 狍溴 镳铊玮钿栩 磬 耦脘囹 篑镱赅桠帼 翦牝.

BEAR 镱塍麒 怦蝠铄眄 赅戾瘥 扈牮铘铐, 犭嚆钿囵 觐蝾瘥 铒屦囹铕 耢铈弪 箫疣怆螯 痤犷蝾 箐嚯屙眍, 镱塍鬣 囿滂- 忤珞嚯簋 桧纛痨圉棹. 镥瘃镥牝桠 疣琊噌铗麒觇 蜞赕 镫囗桊簋 铖磬耱栩 疋铄 溴蜩 爨龛矬蝾疣扈, 钺羼镥麒忄桁 犷朦 疋钺钿 溴轳蜮栝. 橡邃镱豚汔弪 蜞赕, 黩 BEAR 耢铈弪 镥疱溻桡囹 镱 脲耱龛鲟 镳铛钿栩 溻屦睇 镳铄禧. 锐稃蜞龛 痤犷蜞 漕腈睇 磬鬣螯 蝈麇龛 犭桄嚅 蜩 脲, 镱耠 麇泐 铐 祛驽 镱耱箫栩 磬 忸铕箧屙桢 囵扈 杨邃桧屙睇 仳囹钼.

http://science.compulenta.ru/321540/

灭囗桷 捩眍 暑疱 玎 犷邂 痤犷螓

鲤扈 捩眍 暑疱 磬麒磬弪 疣琊噌铗牦 祛徼朦睇 蜞牝梓羼觇 痤犷蝾, 耦钺弪 Defencetalk.com.

想囗 镱溷铗钼觇 忸铕箧屙睇 耔 绣耧筢腓觇 暑疱 忸轫囔 狍潴泐 镳邃篑爨蝠桠噱 耦玟囗桢 蝈麇龛 15 脲 蝠艴 蜩镱 痤犷蝾. 襄疴 桤 龛, 镳邃磬珥圜屙睇 潆 疣玮邃觇, 镱桉赅 磬犭屙 玎 戾耱眍耱 漕腈屙 猁螯 耦玟囗 2010 泐潴.

蒡铗 痤犷 狍溴 桁弪 觐祜嚓蝽 疣珈屦 忮 礤 犷脲 20 觇腩沭囔祛, 黩 镱玮铍栩 镥疱眍耔螯 邈 钿眍祗 麇腩忮牦 徨 疣玑铕觇. 蓄犷 祛驽 猁螯 铖磬 耱疱腙钼 铕箧桢, 耩邃耱忄扈 忤珞嚯钽 磬犭屙, 溴蝈牝铕囔 蹊扈麇耜桴 忮耱 疣滂圉桀眄钽 桤塍麇龛, 疣溧-溴蝈牝铕囔. 亦赕 痤犷 漕腈屙 桁弪 忸珈铈眍耱 钺磬痼骅忄螯 耜瘥螓 忡瘥忭 篑蝠铋耱忄. 蓄犷 狍溴 桁弪 滂耱囗鲨铐眍 箫疣怆屙桢.

项扈祛 痤犷蜞-疣玮邃麒赅, 忸铕箧屙睇 耔臌 暑疱 忮潴 疣琊噌铗牦 箜桠屦襦朦眍泐 犷邂钽 痤犷蜞, 觐蝾瘥 耢铈弪 疣犷蜞螯 赅 镱祛 滂耱囗鲨铐眍泐 箫疣怆屙 蜞 镱 耦狁蜮屙眍祗 嚯泐痂蜢. 雾 狍溴 铖磬螯 疣珥铑狃噻睇 忸铕箧屙桢, 怅膻鬣 弦惺 牮箫眍赅腓徨痦 矬脲戾螓. 蓄犷 狍溴 桁弪 耱 桦 忸皴禳 眍 耢铈弪 镥疱戾螯 镱 耠铈睇 镱忮瘐眍耱 镱漕犴 磬皴觐祛祗.

袜 镱耠邃礤 囡, 2020- 泐溧, 忸铕箧屙睇 耔臌 捩眍 暑疱 镱塍鬣 驽臌 犷邂 痤犷蝾, 耧铖钺睇 襦祛耱蝈朦眍祗 忮溴龛 犷邂 溴轳蜮栝. 务磬眄 囵蜩腚屦栝耜桁 忸铕箧屙桢, 铐 漕腈睇 狍潴 觐疱眄 钺疣珙 桤戾龛螯 耦怵屐屙眢 赅痱桧 镱 犷.

http://lenta.ru/news/2006/08/04/robot/

捩眍觐疱轳觇 耦脘囹 痤犷蜩玷痼

捩眍觐疱轳觇 耦脘囹 镱塍鬣 磬屐睇 滂耧脲 豚珏痦 耔耱屐 鲥脲箨噻囗, 耦钺弪 Defense-Aerospace.

秧囵驽龛 眍忸泐 镱觐脲龛, 磬镱扈磬邋 漕耧艴 痤犷蜞-镱腓鲥轳觐泐 桤 钿眍桁屙眍泐 翳朦爨 1987 泐溧, 镱耱箫栩 磬 忸铕箧屙桢 眍-觐疱轳觐 囵扈 铌铐鬣龛 耠邃簋泐 溴蜩脲蜩.

杨脘囹 眍恹 屐圊 狍潴 铖磬睇 磬屐睇扈 滂耧脲扈, 忸耧痤桤忸扈 钺耱囗钼牦 磬 镱脲 犷, 镱玮铍桁 镱耱眄 觐眚痤腓痤忄螯 疋铄 戾耱铐圊铈溴龛, 磬腓麒 犷屣痂镟耦 漯筱桢 镟疣戾蝠.

袜 忸铕箧屙桢 "耦脘囹 狍潴泐" 镱耱箫 眍恹 钺疣琏 钽礤耱疱朦眍泐 铕箧 豚珏痦 镳桷咫囔, 耦镳驽眄 磬屐睇扈 滂耧脲扈, 扈龛-疣赍螓 疣珉梓睇 蜩镱, 赅戾瘥 磬犭屙 皴眈铕, 镱玮铍桢 钺磬痼骅忄螯 玎爨耜桊钼囗睇 钺牝 扈睇.

http://lenta.ru/news/2007/05/29/robo/

Gameboy 磬 耠箧徨 襄眚嚆铐

语疣怆屙桢 镥瘃镥牝桠睇 桉耠邃钼囹咫觇 镳钽疣祆 镳 扈龛耱屦耱忮 钺铕铐 沿 (DARPA), 镱溷铗钼桦 铟屦邃眍 铗麇, 镱疋眄 蝈蹴铍钽 噤囡蜩忭铋 钺疣犷蜿 镳铖蝠囗耱忮眄-怵屐屙睇 溧眄 (space-time adaptive processing).

湾觐蝾痤 怵屐 磬玎 嚆屙蝰蜮 忡腩顸 玎 疣琊噌铗牦 镱痱囹桠眍泐 镳栳铕, 觐蝾瘥 狍溴 桉镱朦珙忄螯 礤镱耩邃耱忮眄 磬 镱脲 犷 潆 襻铕 钺疣犷蜿 镱脲珥铋 桧纛痨圉梃 戾耱铒铍铈屙梃 镳铗桠龛赅. 武磬觐 镳钼邃屙睇 桉耠邃钼囗 镱赅玎腓, 黩 耦玟囗桢 镳桧鲨镨嚯 眍忸 镫囹纛痨, 疣忭 赅 镳桁屙屙桢 耋耱怏桴 镳铞羼耦痦 蝈蹴铍钽栝, 桉镱朦珞屐 忸屙眍 耵屦, 怆 礤疱眚噌咫.

物蜩爨朦眍 疱龛 桉耠邃钼囹咫 箐嚯铖 钺磬痼骅螯 桧潴耱痂 尻蝠铐睇 疣玮脲麇龛. 侮噻嚯铖, 黩 镳钽疣祆眍 钺羼镥麇龛 囡镟疣蝽 觐祜铐屙螓, 镱玮铍桢 恹镱腠螯 恹耦觐耜铕铖蝽 疣聍弪 忤珞嚯桤桊钼囹 犷朦 钺禧 溧眄, 痤觐 桉镱朦珞 耦怵屐屙睇 镱痱囹桠睇 桡痤恹 觐眈铍.

赅麇耱忮 嚯铐眍泐 钺疣琏 嚆屙蝰蜮 DARPA 恹狃嚯 镱矬痦簋 镳桉蜞怅 GAME BOY 铗 Nintendo. 褥屙眍  觐眈铍 驽 铖眍怏 镫囹纛痨, 耦玟噔噱祛 疣礻圊 镳铄牝 STAP-BOY. 朽琊噌铗赅 耔耱屐 钺铋溴蝰 镳栳腓玷蝈朦眍 13 扈腚桀眍 漕腚囵钼. 襄疴 铒睇 钺疣琏 祛徼朦眍 镫囹纛痨 祛骓 狍溴 筲桎弪 箧 觐眦 钽 泐溧, 耦钺弪 blog.wired.com.

http://soft.mail.ru/pressrl_page.php?id=22368

蓄犷螓 玎觐礤

袜耱箫脲龛  镳噔 麇腩忮赅 镱痤滂腩 钽 麇腩忮赅 铖蝠铄 耱疱祀屙桢 镱朦珙忄螯 桁 镳噔囔 赅 祛骓 漕朦 礤 铗溧忄螯 疋铪 邃桧耱忮眄簋 骅珥 龛 镳 赅觇 钺耱蝈朦耱忄 - 蝾 麒耠 磬 镱脲 狃囗. 悟颃溧 怦 忸琊囫蜞栝 桧蝈疱 痤犷蜞-耦脘囹囔 忸镳铖囔 镳桁屙屙 噔蝾眍祉 忸铕箧屙睇 耔耱屐.

软驽礤 逆铐 枢眄桧 (John Canning) 桤 囔屦桕囗耜钽 忸屙眍-祛瘃觐泐 鲥眚疣 Naval Surface Warfare Centre 镳钹磬腓玷痤忄 镳嚓蜩牦 桉镱朦珙忄龛 铕箧 桎梓羼觇 眍痨, 觐蝾瘥 铐 睇眵 镱澉桧弪 ( 沿). 澎 箐嚯铖 耵铕祗腓痤忄螯 玎觐睇 潆 犷邂 痤犷蝾, 觐蝾瘥 漕腈睇 桉镱腠螯 桁 铛铗礤, 麇 耱囵 漕狃 "蝠 玎觐磬 痤犷蝈蹴桕" 篱珏赅 犁桁钼, 麇疱聍箴 耱羼桢 "驽脲珥 忸桧钼".

襄疴 桤 龛 "象耱 爨睇 耩噫帼蝰 爨磬扈". 令邂铋 热 漕腈屙 猁螯 铕桢眚桊钼囗 磬 箜梓蝾驽龛 铕箧, 礤 膻溴, 邈 磬镳噔桴. 碾 桦膻耱疣鲨 枢眄桧 镳桠钿栩 镳桁屦 镳铗桠铌铕噌咫 疣赍螓 Tomahawk, 耧铖钺睇 襦祛耱蝈朦眍 铗腓麒螯 牮箬珥 豚轫屦 铗 犷邂钽 牮彘皴疣, 镱溻钿睇 扈睇 CAPTOR Mine System, 镱疣驵桢 蝾朦觐 耋犰囵桧, 眍 礤 磬溻钿睇 耋溧.

买铕铋 玎觐: "象耱 膻滂 耩噫帼蝰 膻潼扈". 翌 羼螯 磬镳噔螯 磬 膻溴 铕箧桢 痤犷蝾 漕腈睇 膻滂, 桉镱朦珞桢 桴 赅麇耱忮 爨龛矬蝾痤.

茵弪栝 "朽琊屮栩 爨磬 耩噫囹 膻潼扈 祛驽 蝾朦觐 铒屦囹铕". 朽琊屮屙桢 磬 筢栝耱忸 镱 耦狁蜮屙眍祗 驽脲珥铎 疣珞戾龛 痤犷蝮 恹溧弪 麇腩忮.

皖恹 忸屙睇 噔蝾爨蜩玷痤忄眄 耔耱屐, 钺豚溧桢 镱恹眄铋 黧怦蜮栩咫铖螯 蝾黜铖螯, 怙铍礤 祛泱 镥疱轵 箜梓蝾驽龛 怵噫羼觐 蝈蹴桕 溧驽 磬 箴钼礤 痼黜钽 噔蝾爨蜩麇耜钽 铕箧. 蝾沅, 镱 禧耠 枢眄桧汔, 礤篑蝠帏桁 痤犷螓 镳邃铖蜞 怵嚆 恹犷 - 狃铖栩 铕箧桢 磬 镳铊玮铍 驽脲珥铋 耋潼猁 桦 猁螯 箜梓蝾驽眄 桦 "镱怵彐溴眄" 忪羼蝈 龛. 棋脲珥 觐忉铊 狍潴 恹徉螯 桤 痼 镫铛桴 镟痦彘 朗帖, 羼腓 耠邈赅 镳铎圊眢蝰 - 耦痧, 扈耱屦!

犁桁钼耜桁 泱爨龛珈铎 桦 脲祛怦觐 疋钺钿铋 忸腓 犷邂铎 觐溴犟 痤犷蝾 礤 镟蹴弪. 湾溧痤 觐祆屙蜞蝾瘥 煦眍忮眄 恹耜噻嚯 玟疣忸 镳邃镱腩驽龛, 黩 耔耱屐, 溴轳蜮簋 镱 玎觐磬 枢眄桧汔, 磬殇篁 铗腓黜 襻 疱骅祛, 玎桧蝈疱耦忄眄 铗耋蝰蜮梃 耦脘囹 耦忮耱 忸珈铈眍耱 恹耱箫囹 耋溴. 认

http://offline.computerra.ru/offline/2007/685/318110/